1-4 of 4 results  for:

  • African American Studies x
  • U.S. Supreme Court Justice x
  • 1877–1928: The Age of Segregation and the Progressive Era x
Clear all


Marc A. Sennewald

civil rights attorney and U.S. Supreme Court justice. Thurgood (originally Thoroughgood) Marshall grew up on Druid Hill Avenue, which was the center of the African American working-class community in the segregated city of Baltimore. His father, William, worked as a dining car waiter on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and as head steward at the exclusive Gibson Island club on the Chesapeake Bay. Marshall's mother, Norma Arica, had studied briefly at Columbia University in New York and taught kindergarten in Baltimore's segregated schools.

Marshall was a masterful storyteller and raconteur who often embellished his narratives to make a point One of his stories had it that in grammar school he had to memorize sections of the Constitution as punishment for classroom misbehavior By the time he left the school he knew the whole thing by heart an auspicious start for the man who would become the twentieth century ...


Kate Tuttle

When Thurgood Marshall died in 1993, he was only the second justice to lie in state in the Supreme Court's chambers—Chief Justice Earl Warren, who had written the opinion in Marshall's most celebrated case, Brown v. Board of Education, was the other. This honor capped the outpouring of praise for the Court's first black justice, a man who, in the words of one of his former law clerks, “would have had a place in American history before his appointment” to the Court.

Indeed, Marshall's tenure as chief counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP and first director of its Legal Defense and Educational Fund made him one of America s most influential and well known lawyers His thirty years of public service first as a federal appeals court judge then as America s first black solicitor general and finally as ...


Mark Tushnet

civil rights lawyer and U.S. Supreme Court justice, was born Thoroughgood Marshall in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of William Canfield Marshall, a dining-car waiter and club steward, and Norma Arica Williams, an elementary school teacher. Growing up in a solid middle-class environment, Marshall was an outgoing and sometimes rebellious student who first encountered the Constitution when he was required to read it as punishment for classroom misbehavior. Marshall's parents wanted him to become a dentist, as his brother did, but Marshall was not interested in the science courses he took at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated with honors in 1930. He married Vivian “Buster” Burey in 1929; they had no children.

Unable to attend the segregated University of Maryland School of Law Marshall enrolled in and commuted to Howard University School of Law where he became a protégé of the dean ...


Steven J. Niven

U.S. Supreme Court justice, was born in Pin Point, Georgia, the son of M. C. Thomas, a maintenance worker, and Leola Anderson, a worker in a crab-and-oyster plant. Two years later M. C. Thomas moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, leaving his young wife to look after Clarence, their eldest child, Emma Mae, and a son not yet born, who would be named Myers after his maternal grandfather, Myers Anderson. The family struggled. Like most of their neighbors, they lived in a one-room wooden shack with no indoor plumbing, and although Leola Thomas was renowned as the fastest crab-and-oyster packer in town, the meager wages she earned barely covered the needs of a family of four. To make ends meet, she worked extra hours as a domestic.

In 1954 Clarence Thomas entered the first grade at Pin Point s all black Florence Public School a few ...