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Abdelhamid I. Sabra

Egyptian scientist, was known in his lifetime as al-Basri, where he was first in Basra, Iraq, and as al-Misri, since he ended his life in Cairo, having escaped from the “widespread plagues” described in some detail by the Christian physician Ibn Butlan (d. AH 458/1066 CE). Ibn Butlan witnessed the plagues while he traveled to Aleppo, al-Fustat, and al-Qustantiniyya, and he lists Ibn al-Haytham among “the men of science” who fell victim to the plague.

Ibn al-Haytham’s education is known mainly from his extant writings, which luckily are many, most of them original and impressive, with continuous interest in astronomy, and especially a new significant emphasis on the study of light as a clear branch of “physics”: “light,” he noted, in his Optics book 5 does not behave in the way it does for the sake of the eye He was not an atomist but he accepted ...

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Jeremy Rich

Burundian scientist and educator, was born on 1 January 1958 in the Burundian capital of Bujumbura. Her father was Gaston Kadima Muende Kanumayi (1916–1981), from the Kasai Occidental province in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Her mother, Jacqueline Girinka Kibogora (1936– ), was born to a Congolese father, Kibogora Rutera Munzi. Her family moved to Kinshasa, the capital of the DRC, in 1962. Kadima then attended elementary school in Kinshasa and Kananga. Her middle school years were spent at the Catholic girls school Institut Janua Caeli in Kananga. To further her interests in mathematics and science, she transferred to a predominately male Catholic high school, where she concentrated on biology and chemistry. The girls’ school offered little in the way of science education, and her father strongly supported her decision to search out better opportunities. Kadima graduated from high school in 1975 having scored extremely well in ...

Article

Dalea Bean

was born on a farm in the parish of Portland in Jamaica on 31 December 1904 He was the twelfth of his parents thirteen children Lecky s father a farmer passed on both his knowledge and interest in farming to the young Lecky who took a fastidious interest in livestock After leaving elementary school Lecky received a scholarship to attend the Farm School at Hope Gardens in St Andrew Though the school s focus was mainly crops Lecky was much more interested in animal husbandry This interest in livestock over agricultural crops should have been no surprise as he was well aware of the vulnerability of crops on the island having experienced the destruction of his father s banana crops by various hurricanes In Lecky s estimation livestock seemed to be a safer investment than a singular focus on crops He also had high hopes that increased livestock production ...

Article

Peter D. Fraser

was born on 4 July 1888 in Cocoye Village, Trinidad, to Lewis Albert Maloney, a building contractor, and Estelle Evetta (Bonas) Maloney, a needlepoint teacher.

He studied at Naparima College in Trinidad, which he left with the qualifications to enter British universities. Finances precluded this, however, and he immigrated to the United States in 1909, hoping to study medicine. While at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, he was encouraged to enter the ministry of the Episcopal Church, enrolling in 1910 at the General Theological Seminary in New York. He simultaneously studied philosophy at Columbia University. He became interested in journalism early on and continued to write throughout his life.

On his 23rd birthday, Maloney was ordained, having the distinction of being the youngest minister in the Protestant Episcopal Church. In 1914 he published The Adequate Norm: An Essay on Christian Ethics possibly the first philosophical work by a black ...

Article

Lorelai Brilhante Kury

important figure in late colonial Brazil in the growth of scientific and technical activities usually associated with the manipulation of fire, such as casting, distillation, ceramics, and the production of ash for industrial use, was born in Minas Gerais, possibly in 1750. His biographers describe him as mulato, tall, and thin. Manso held jobs in mining, metallurgy, and chemistry. He perfected machinery and procedures for the production of cane brandy, salt, and porcelain. The Rio de Janeiro–born poet Domingos Caldas Barbosa left a handwritten poem in honor of João Manso, preserved among the manuscripts of the University of Coimbra, that praises his activities in the Sociedade Literária do Rio de Janeiro (Literary Society of Rio de Janeiro). Manso never left his native Brazil.

Manso reportedly received the Habit of the Order of Christ His trajectory indicates that reading practices coupled with manual skills and experience had an important ...