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Sholomo B. Levy

rabbi, black nationalist, and emigrationist, was born in Bridgetown, Barbados, the son of Edward Ford and Elizabeth Augusta Braithwaite. Ford asserted that his father's ancestry could be traced to the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria and his mother's to the Mendi tribe of Sierra Leone. According to his family's oral history, their heritage extended back to one of the priestly families of the ancient Israelites, and in Barbados his family maintained customs and traditions that identified them with Judaism (Kobre, 27). His father was a policeman who also had a reputation as a “fiery preacher” at the Wesleyan Methodist Church where Arnold was baptized; it is not known if Edward's teaching espoused traditional Methodist beliefs or if it urged the embrace of Judaism that his son would later advocate.

Ford s parents intended for him to become a musician They provided him with private tutors who instructed ...


Efraim Barak

Chief Rabbi of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1920) and of Egypt (1925–1960). It is customary to add to his name the title of Effendi. He was born on December 23, 1872 in Magnesia (Manisa) near Izmir, in western Turkey, to his father, Behor Yosef Nahum, and his mother, Caden Gracia, who was of the Franco lineage. In his childhood, he travelled with his grandfather to Tiberias in Palestine, where he stayed to learn traditional teachings. After several years he returned to his birth place and completed his secondary school studies in Lycée-Impérial in Izmir. Between 1897–1893, Nahum studied in the Rabbinical Seminary in Paris, and was ordained a Rabbi. This institution was part of a network of religious schools established in Western Europe, geared towards training Rabbis espousing a positive outlook on modernization. His studies were funded by the Alliance Israélite Universelle (in Hebrew: Kol ...


Camille A. Collins

rabbi, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, into a Pentecostal family and spent her early years in the predominantly Jewish neighborhood of Cleveland Heights. On 6 June 2009 she was ordained by Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio, and became the first African American woman to become a rabbi in either of the primary mainstream branches of Judaism (Reform and Conservative) most prevalent in the United States.

Stanton was six when her family moved to Cleveland Heights, and from an early age she was intrigued by spiritual matters. As a young child she asked her uncle Edward, a Catholic who sometimes attended services at a local synagogue, about the purpose of the mezuzot parchment scrolls with inscriptions from the Torah hanging from the front doors of many homes in the neighborhood This same uncle also presented her with her first Hebrew grammar book Although she grew up attending Pentecostal ...