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Scott Yanow

jazz bassist and tuba player, was born George Sylvester Callender in Haynesville, Virginia. He grew up in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where he studied alto horn and tuba before switching to double bass. While his first musical jobs (from 1932) were in New York and the Midwest, a tour with Blanche Thompson's Brownskin Models took him to Los Angeles in 1936. Callender spent most of the remainder of his life and career on the West Coast.

Red Callender worked with the Buck Clayton Orchestra in 1936 and made his recording debut the following year with Louis Armstrong's big band, where he subbed for Pops Foster. Also in 1937, his songs “Lost Love” and “Bogo Jo” were recorded by Lionel Hampton. Callender taught bass to the young Charles Mingus, worked and recorded with the early Nat King Cole Trio during 1938 and 1939 ...

Article

Barry Kernfeld

jazz pianist, was born Phineas Newborn Jr. in Whiteville, Tennessee, the son of Phineas Newborn Sr., a drummer, and Rosie Lee Murphy. While Newborn Sr. led a band at the Flamingo Club on Beale Street in Memphis, the six-year-old Phineas began jazz and classical studies with Georgia Woodruff, his first-grade teacher. He later studied arrangement with Onzie Horne and learned to play trumpet, baritone horn, French horn, and tuba in high school. He began his professional career in 1945 as a pianist. Prodigiously gifted, he was inspired by the great jazz pianists of the 1930s, above all the virtuoso Art Tatum. Yet he also spent years accompanying rhythm and blues and urban blues musicians, with whom he toured the South during school vacations. Newborn began playing with his father's band by the age of fifteen and was a regular member from 1948 to 1950 ...