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Mariana Isabel Lorenzetti

who specialized in jazz. Some sources (e.g., Ortega, 2007) give his date of birth as 20 February 1909, in the locality of Machagai, Chaco Province, in the far north of Argentina. Others (e.g., Gaffet, 2002) record his birthplace as the city of Resistencia, Chaco’s capital. Oscar Alemán was the son of Marcela Pereira—of the indigenous Qom, or Toba people—and of the amateur guitarist Jorge Alemán Moreira, who was born in Uruguay. He was the fourth of seven children in his family.

Alemán began to explore the world of music at a very young age, mostly through self-instruction. According to the family of the musician Guilldermo Iacona, at 6 years old, in 1915, Oscar belonged to a group called Moreira Sextet, along with his father and siblings Rodolfo, Carlos, Jorgelina, and Juana (Iacona et al., 2012 As a member of that group he delivered his ...


Sonia Fuentes Resto

was born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico, on 8 May 1934, to Alberto “Titi” Amadeo, a popular composer, and Vicenta Rodríguez. Miguel and his older brother Ramón were raised by their mother, who was a seamstress and homemaker. Miguel was only about a year old when his father left the family to return to New York City full-time, where he had been living on and off since 1927. In the late 1920s, the Puerto Rican music scene in New York was exploding, with Rafael Hernández, Pedro Flores, and Manuel Jiménez making a name for themselves as composers and performers. Alberto Amadeo became an accomplished songwriter himself, with many popular Latin American stars recording his songs. Miguel, however, had no relationship with his father, and although he seemed to inherit his musical talent from him, his father’s success would offer him no entrée into the industry.

After World War II ...


Mark Steven Maulucci

guitarist and singer, was born MacHouston Baker in Louisville, Kentucky. He believed his father was a white pianist who was traveling through Louisville. His African American mother, Lillian, was just twelve years old when he was born. She was troubled and not able to properly care for him. He spent much of his youth in an orphanage. Hes felt confined, though, and often ran away, traveling to Chicago, St. Louis, and eventually New York City at age fifteen.

He took different menial jobs to survive and at nineteen wanted to pursue his passion to be a jazz musician His first instrument of choice was a trumpet but upon visiting a pawn shop he discovered he could not afford one so he bought a beat up guitar instead He took lessons from a man named Rector Bailey and learned quickly The absorption and utilization of all that he heard ...


Mario Angel Silva Castro

His lifelong research allowed him to re-create the candombe drum with fusions that included samba, rap, bossa nova, and funk, among other styles.

Jorge Damião Bello Gularte, known as “Jorginho,” was born in Porto Alegre, Brazil, on 16 February 1956. The son of José Bello and “Martha” Gularte, a well-known figure within Afro-Uruguayan culture, he spent his childhood moving between Uruguay and Brazil. When he definitively settled with his mother and sister, Katy, in Montevideo, they found a home on Curuguaty Street in the Barrio Sur, barely a block from the emblematic tenement house “Mediomundo” (a significant space for African candombe). From a young age, he was involved in music, taking piano lessons in Porto Alegre, and by the age of 11 he was already playing the candombe drums and participating in his mother’s groups. He also began to teach himself to play the guitar in 1969 ...


Tshombe L. Miles

was born Jorge Duilio Lima Menezes in Rio de Janeiro, on 22 March 1942. Ben Jor is of mixed African and European heritage, including a grandfather on his mother’s side who came to Brazil from Ethiopia. In November 2009, in an interview for Trip magazine, he described his youth as a time when all of his basic needs were met. He received a good education, at Colégio Diocesano São José in Rio de Janeiro, and even studied at a seminary, also in Rio de Janeiro, where he had the opportunity to read philosophy. This would have a profound effect on his development. As a youth he also proved to be a talented soccer player, and he has devoted many songs to the sport.

Ben Jor is a self taught guitarist singer and songwriter Over the course of his musical career he has experimented with a variety of musical ...


Christopher Dunn

Born in Rio de Janiero, Jorge Duílio Lima Menezes began his music career in the early 1960s using the stage name Jorge Ben, taken from the surname of his Ethiopian mother, who gave him his first guitar. He divided his energies between rock and roll and bossa nova, the sophisticated new style based on Samba rhythms and Jazz harmonies. In 1963 he recorded his first LP album, Samba Esquema Novo, followed by Sacudim Ben Samba and Ben é Samba Bom in 1964. He scored an international hit with “Mas que nada,” which inspired versions by Sérgio Mendes, South African diva Miriam Makeba, and Hugh Masekela.

In the late 1960s his music was embraced by the innovative tropicalist movement led by Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso who celebrated his electric fusions of international black popular music while others criticized him for deviating from authentic Brazilian ...


Mark Steven Maulucci

guitarist, was born in Sulfer, Oklahoma. His father, DeWitt Bennett, was a chef on the train, El Capitan, which was on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe line running from Chicago to Los Angeles. The elder Bennett was a major influence on Wayne and strongly emphasized the importance of education. The family moved to Madill, another small Oklahoma town, and when he was thirteen or fourteen, his mother bought him a guitar and he taught himself to play by listening to country and western, big band jazz, and the rhythm and blues orchestras of T-Bone Walker, and Louis Jordan and Lionell Hampton on the radio. Interestingly, that area of the United States gave birth to a good many trailblazing guitarists like Walker, Charlie Christian, Gatemouth Brown, Freddie King, and Albert Collins.

Bennett attended high school in nearby Ardmore Oklahoma where he played ...


Few performers have had a more profound effect on American popular music than Chuck Berry. The staccato guitar cadenzas with which he opened songs such as “Maybellene” (1955) and “Johnny B. Goode” (1958) helped define the new guitar idiom of rock and roll. His lyrics, celebrating teen freedom, music, dancing, and the pleasures of automobiles gave substance to the rock genre. Berry's influence shaped the music of later musicians from the Beatles and the Rolling Stones to artists of the present.

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry was first exposed to music when the choir of his parents' Baptist church gathered to rehearse in the front room of his childhood home. An avid fan of the Blues Berry took up guitar as a hobby at age fourteen He worked in an automobile factory and as a hairdresser before turning to his guitar playing and ...


Timothy D. Taylor

(b St Louis, 18 Oct 1926; d Wentzville, MO, 18 March 2017). American rock and roll singer, songwriter, and guitarist. Born into a solid working-class black family, he worked at a variety of jobs before pursuing a career in music. He achieved success rather late; his first number one hit, Maybellene, was recorded in 1955 when he was 29. During the 1950s and 60s he wrote a number of hit songs which have become rock and roll standards, including Roll over Beethoven, Too Much Monkey Business, Brown-Eyed Handsome Man, School Days, Back in the USA, Little Queenie, Memphis, Tennessee, and Johnny B. Goode Berry s songs were based on 12 bar blues progressions with variations ranging from 8 to 24 bars played at fast tempos with an emphasis on the backbeat He ...


John Edwin Mason

singer, songwriter, and guitarist, was born Charles Edward Anderson Berry in St. Louis, Missouri, the fourth of six children of Henry William Berry, a carpenter and handyman, and Martha Bell Banks. The industrious Henry Berry instilled in his son a hunger for material success and a prodigious capacity for hard work, traits that were not entirely apparent in Berry as a youth. Martha Berry, a skilled pianist and accomplished singer, passed on to her son her love for music. By the time he was a teenager, however, Berry preferred jazz, blues, and the “beautiful harmony of country music” to his mother's Baptist hymns (Berry, 14).

In 1944 Berry and two friends hatched an ill considered plan to drive across the country to California They soon ran out of money and committed a series of armed robberies in an attempt to return home All three were ...


Timothy J. O'Brien

rock-and-roll pioneer. Chuck Berry is truly the father of rock and roll. His vibrant songwriting, innovative guitar playing, and live performances inspired legions of followers, and he was the single most important figure in defining a new genre that mixed country and rhythm and blues.

Charles Edward Anderson Berry was born to Henry William Berry Sr., a carpenter, and Martha Bell Banks, a housewife, in Saint Louis, Missouri, in 1926. The family belonged to a Baptist church, and Berry's earliest memories were of his parents singing gospel songs around the house. His first try at show business, singing “Confessin’ the Blues” to a friend's guitar accompaniment at a high school talent show, inspired him to play guitar.

While still in high school in Saint Louis he left for a trip to California with two friends When their money ran low they robbed a few small businesses and ...


Frank E. Dobson

blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. The blues performer known as Bo Diddley was born Ellas Otha Bates in McComb, Mississippi, to Eugene Bates, a father whom he never knew, and Ethel Wilson, a teenage mother. He was raised by his mother's first cousin Gussie McDaniel, and when his adoptive father, Robert McDaniel, died in 1934, Gussie moved the family to Chicago.

Diddley first studied music as a child under Professor O. W. Fredrick while attending Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church in Chicago While attending Foster Vocational High School in Chicago he studied various instruments including the guitar harmonica and trombone His sister bought his first guitar for him when he was twelve During his high school years he also formed a band the Hipsters later called the Langley Avenue Jive Cats In the late 1940s Diddley tried his hand at a number ...


Gordon Root

Djalma Andrade received the stage name Bola Sete while playing guitar in a small jazz band in which he was the only black member. Bola Sete means “ball number seven,” the only black ball in Brazilian billiards.

Bola Sete began his formal music education at the Conservatory of Rio de Janeiro where he studied classical guitar. His early influences, including Andrés Segovia, Django Reinhardt, and Charlie Christian, reveal the young artist's interest in both classical music and jazz. His passion for these two genres remained constant throughout his career. As a young man he also played in various Samba and choro groups two Brazilian musical genres with roots in the nineteenth century composing numerous pieces including one of his best known early compositions Cosminho no Choro As a result of his exposure to jazz classical and Brazilian popular music the guitarist became familiar with a variety ...


Paul Oliver

(b Scott, MS, June 26, 1893; d Chicago, Aug 14, 1958). American blues singer and guitarist. He grew up in Arkansas, where he lived on a farm until he was in his late 20s. After working as a fiddle player in the rural South, he settled in Chicago in 1920. There he learnt to play the guitar, on which he was already an outstanding performer when he began to record ten years later. In the late 1930s and the 1940s he was sympathetically supported by Joshua Altheimer or Black Bob Hudson on the piano in a manner reminiscent of Leroy Carr and Scrapper Blackwell.

One of the most prolifically recorded of black American blues singers Broonzy formed a link between the country and urban blues traditions playing with a light lilting style Some of his recorded blues are poetic statements complemented by moaning ...


Bill McCulloch and Barry Lee Pearson

blues singer and guitarist, was born William Lee Conley Broonzy in Scott, Bolivar County, Mississippi, the son of Frank Broonzy and Nettie (or Mittie) Belcher, former slaves who became sharecroppers. One of at least sixteen children, including a twin sister, he lived in Mississippi until age eight, when his family moved to Arkansas, near Pine Bluff, to try sharecropping there. As a youngster he made violins out of cornstalks, learning music from an uncle, Jerry Belcher and a local musician known as See See Rider He and a friend began playing homemade instruments to entertain local children though always out of sight of his parents stern Baptists who frowned on secular music The parental disapproval eased however when he graduated to a real instrument supposedly bought for him by a white patron and began earning money as a musician When he was twelve the family moved to Scotts ...


William Lee Conley Broonzy was born to sharecropper parents in Scott, Mississippi; during his childhood he moved with his family between Mississippi and Arkansas, farming in both states. Broonzy first played music on homemade fiddles and guitars, and was performing at special occasions by the age of fifteen. Between the ages of fifteen and twenty he developed his dexterous hollering vocal style, as well as his characteristically facile guitar technique. Music, however, remained but an avocation for Broonzy until he resettled in Chicago after serving in the army during World War I.

In the 1920s Broonzy embarked on a struggle to subsist as a professional musician a struggle that continued until the last few years of his life Throughout the decade he made numerous live appearances in Chicago nightclubs yet he failed to garner much interest from record companies In the 1930s however his luck changed with the explosion ...


Charles D. Grear

musician, performer, songwriter, and southern musical legend. Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown—“Gatemouth” because of his deep voice—emerged as a musical legend in the South for more than fifty years. Brown was heavily influenced by the music of Texas and Louisiana, and his range of styles included the blues, rhythm and blues (R&B), country, swing, jazz, and Cajun. A virtuoso on guitar, violin, mandolin, viola, harmonica, and drums, Brown influenced and was influenced by performers as diverse as Albert Collins, Eric Clapton, Frank Zappa, Lonnie Brooks, Guitar Slim, and Joe Louis Walker. Throughout his career he recorded more than thirty albums. Those who have been featured on his albums include Eric Clapton, Ry Cooder, Amos Garrett, Jim Keltner, Maria Muldaur, and Leon Russell.

Born on 18 April 1924 in Vinton Louisiana Brown was raised in Orange Texas ...


Kenny Burrell was born in Detroit, Michigan, to a musical family, and he began playing guitar at age twelve. While still a teenager, he played professionally with pianist Tommy Flanagan and other young Jazz musicians in Detroit. In 1951 Burrell recorded and played briefly with trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie's sextet. In 1955, after earning a degree in music composition and theory at Wayne State University in Detroit, Burrell played with the Oscar Peterson Trio for six months. The following year he moved to New York City, and soon firmly established his reputation as a major jazz guitarist. During the next few years Burrell worked for Hampton Hawes, Thad Jones, Donald Byrd, Benny Goodman and other bandleaders He also led his own groups worked as a session player in New York studios and played for Broadway musicals After the mid 1960s Burrell usually performed ...


Fernando Llanos and Mónica Rojas

was born in Lima, Peru, on 23 April 1947 the son of Luis Alberto Casaverde Ardiles a professional musician and Felicita Maria Vivanco Vivanco wet nurse for Chabuca Granda s younger brother and later housewife Félix s father split his time between studying radio broadcasting and performing at private parties for the elite of Lima in the 1950s and was skillful with the guitar accordion and piano and knowledgeable on diverse music styles played for ballroom dances Luis transferred his artistry to Félix who soon became a versatile music interpreter for different types of audiences During his high school studies and still an adolescent Félix Casaverde formed a band called El Sexto Poder The Sixth Power its name inspired by the black power slogan coined by black social movements in the United States in the 1960s The members of Casaverde s band were six black friends and they interpreted ...


Rebecca Dirksen

was likely born in the village of Dubédou, Haiti, not far from Gonaïves. The date of Casimir’s birth is contested, although it most likely would have been around 1914 Little is known of her origins except that she had a difficult childhood and purportedly left Gonaïves alone at age 14 to seek a happier life in Port au Prince traveling the hundred miles by foot with only a guitar on her back One story explains that better fortune began when painter Alix Roy heard Casimir singing on the Champs de Mars a public square in downtown Port au Prince and took the gifted teenager to meet his aunt Lina Mathon Blanchet a pianist composer folklorist and arts promoter who is credited with discovering Casimir s talent Another story relates that Blanchet at the insistence of spectators who knocked at her door during siesta one afternoon went directly to the ...