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crystal am nelson

community leader and musician, was born Occramer Marycoo in West Africa. Although his country of origin is unknown, a 1757 ship manifest shows that he was brought to America at the age of fourteen. He was on one of that year's seven slaving voyages that brought a total of 831 African slaves to Rhode Island. Gardner was one of the 106,544 slaves brought to Newport, Rhode Island, between 1709 and 1807. Caleb Gardner, a white merchant and member of the principal slave-trading team Briggs & Gardner, bought the teenage Marycoo and baptized him into the Congregational faith as Newport Gardner.

The forced exposure to Christianity aided Gardner s rise to a leadership position in the New World He quickly learned English from daily Bible studies with his master who freed Gardner after overhearing him pray for emancipation Upon gaining his freedom Gardner combined his new religious fervor with ...


Colleen Cyr

barber, orator, and activist, was born in Middletown, Connecticut, the son of Mary Ann (Campbell) and George W. Jeffrey. George's father was one of the first trustees of the Cross Street African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Zion Church of Middletown that was formed in 1828. Middletown's small black activist community shaped the life and work of George S. Jeffrey. There were several intermarriages between the Jeffrey family and the family of the Reverend Jehiel C. Beman, Cross Street AME Zion's first minister. Jeffrey's maternal aunt Clarissa Marie Campbell Beman founded the Middletown Colored Female Anti-Slavery Society. Citizens of color of Middletown, including his grandparents, uncles, and father, petitioned the Connecticut state legislature seven times between 1838 and 1843 over such issues as repealing the “Canterbury Law” (which effectively restricted young women of color from attending the boarding school founded for them by Prudence Crandall ...


Charles Lenox Remond was born into a family of abolitionists and activists. His mother helped found the Salem Female Anti-Slavery Society and his father was a lifetime member of the American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS). Like himself, his younger sister, Sarah Parker Remond, was a respected abolitionist speaker.

Charles Remond was involved with the AASS nearly from its beginning. Philosophically, he concurred with William Lloyd Garrison's doctrines of nonresistance and moral persuasion. In 1838 the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society named him its first full-time black lecturer. In a tour of the British Isles he pressed the cause of abolition, although this was not the sole focus of his advocacy. When the 1840 World's Anti-Slavery Convention, meeting in London, refused to seat women delegates, he spoke against the policy and left the meeting. After returning to the United States he traveled through the Midwest on a speaking tour with Frederick Douglass ...


Stacy Kinlock Sewell

abolitionist and civil rights orator, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, the son of John Remond and Nancy Lenox, prominent members of the African American community of that town. His father, a native of Curaçao, was a successful hairdresser, caterer, and merchant. Remond attended Salem's Free African School for a time and was instructed by a private tutor in the Remond household. His parents exposed him to antislavery ideas, and abolitionists were frequent guests in their home. He crossed the paths of a number of fugitive slaves while growing up and by the age of seventeen considered himself an abolitionist. He had also developed considerable oratorical talent.

Remond was impressed by William Lloyd Garrison's antislavery views, particularly the notion of slaveholding as a sin. He heard Garrison speak in 1831 in Salem, and the two became longtime associates when in 1832 Remond became a subscription agent for ...


Delano Greenidge-Copprue

Charles Lenox Remond was born free in Salem, Massachusetts, the first son of John and Nancy (Lenox) Remond. Remond was educated in Salem's Free African Schools and privately tutored in his home. Like his father, Remond worked as a barber in his hometown and was involved in the antislavery movement from an early age, meeting fugitive slaves and hearing his parents' views against slavery. Abolitionists visited the Remond home frequently.

In 1831 Remond heard the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison lecture in Salem against slavery and was moved by Garrison's idea that slavery was a moral sin. Garrison's influence on Remond proved indelible. In 1832 Remond became a subscription agent for Garrison's abolitionist newspaper the Liberator. As an agent, Remond traveled throughout New England, gaining subscriptions and encouraging the development of antislavery societies. In 1833 Remond then a member of the Colored Association of Massachusetts became an officer ...