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Flora González

Born in Havana to a Cuban father and a North American mother, Sergio Giral has lived in Cuba and the United States. After finishing high school in Cuba, Giral spent two years studying painting at the Art Students' League in New York. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, he returned to live in Havana. There Giral began engineering studies but soon joined the Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematográficas (Cuban Institute for the Arts and Film Industry) or ICAIC in 1961. Like film director Sara Gómez, Giral belongs to the second generation of ICAIC filmmakers, who worked under the tutelage of Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, the best-known Cuban director.

Giral's films include a slave trilogy—El otro Francisco (The Other Francisco, 1974), El rancheador (The Slave Hunter; 1976), and Maluala (1979)—and a film on contemporary Cuban issues, Techo de vidrio ...


Roanne Edwards

Gloria Rolando is one of Cuba's leading producers of documentary films on Afro-Cuban culture and history. She believes these subjects hold “legends and universal values that explain the world.” In a speech at the conference “Black Women Writers and the Future” in New York, New York, in October 1997, Rolando said that her motivation for creating documentary films about Cuba's African heritage was to transform “the tears held back by our ancestors” into life-affirming “tears of joy.”

Rolando was born in Havana. In 1976, after completing university studies in music, literature, and art history, she took a job at the Instituto Cubano de Artes e Industrias Cinematograficas (Cuban Institute of Art and Film Industry) in Havana. She specialized in documentary films, and after many years as a scriptwriter, narrator, and assistant director, she directed three documentaries, all of which have English-language versions. Oggún The ...