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Andrés López de Rosario, known as Andresote, was from Valencia, a city in northern Venezuela. He was descended from Africans and Indians who populated the Yaracuy River valley, which was under the jurisdiction of the city Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto. As a result of the area's economic prosperity, the inhabitants sought autonomy from the Spanish colony of Nueva Segovia. The colonial authorities responded in 1724 by burning more than sixty houses and the church, which had been there since the previous century.

From 1730 to 1733, Andresote led a band of smugglers that operated in the Yaracuy valley, in the coastal strip between Puerto Cabello, in the state of Carabobo, and in Yucacas. He did this in open defiance of the legal monopoly of the Compañía Guipuzcoana, which was formed in 1728 and was given control over the trade in what was then the Province of Venezuela ...