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Ellesia A. Blaque

author, poet, educator, and civil rights activist, was born in Sweet Home, Arkansas, and with his family migrated to Harlem, New York, in 1944. After graduating from Commerce High School in 1953, Dumas studied briefly at the City College of New York prior to entering the U.S. Air Force in 1953, in which he served four years, including tours in San Antonio, Texas, and the Middle East. In 1955, while still enlisted, Dumas married Loreta Ponton. Upon completing his armed services commitment in 1957, he entered Rutgers University, but his tenure was short, and he did not receive a degree. In 1958 he and his wife started a family, which comprised two sons, David, born in 1958, and Michael, born in 1962.

From 1963 to 1964 Dumas worked at IBM and it was at this ...

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Hannington Ochwada

Henry Odera Oruka was born in Nyanza Province of western Kenya in 1944 and died in 1995. He received his undergraduate university education in Kenya. Oruka pursued his graduate education at Wayne State University in the United States, where he received a master’s degree. He obtained a Ph.D. in philosophy in 1970 from the University of Uppsala in Sweden. On his return to Kenya, Oruka taught philosophy and religious studies at the University of Nairobi. He was also president of the Philosophical Association of Kenya, and became a member of the Inter-African Council of Philosophy, the Fédération Internationale de Société Philosophique, and the World Future Studies Federation.

Oruka conceived of the idea of “sage philosophy,” which he hoped would erase the rampant but disparaging Eurocentric perceptions that Africans were incapable of abstract thinking and philosophizing in the same way as Westerners. In 1970 reacting against Oruka s idea ...