1-4 of 4 results  for:

  • 1955–1971: Civil Rights Era x
Clear all


Bobby Donaldson

One of the chief advocates of the Black Aesthetic, Addison Gayle, Jr., was born in Newport News, Virginia, on 2 June 1932. Inspired by the growing example of Richard Wright, young Gayle became a fastidious reader and hoped that a writing career would enable him to over come the strictures of poverty and racism. By the time he graduated from high school in 1950, Gayle had completed a three-hundred-page novel.

Unable to attend college or secure profitable employment, Gayle joined the air force. During his short stint, he wrote copious drafts of his novel, short stories, and poetry and submitted them for publication. After an honorable discharge and several rejection letters from publishers, Gayle reluctantly returned to Virginia.

In 1960, Gayle enrolled in the City College of New York and received his BA in 1965. The following year he earned an MA in English ...


Zodwa Motsa

Nigerian playwright, novelist, short story writer, dramatist, critic, and political analyst, was born on 21 April 1943 in Akure, western Nigeria. He was raised in the Yoruba tradition but has been a resident of South Africa since 1991. Known also as Bankole Ajibabi, his life is a rich academic tapestry woven across Africa and Western Europe.

Omotoso received his secondary education in Lagos, Nigeria (1962–63), and the University of Ibadan (1968). In 1972 he received his doctoral degree in Arabic and French from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Omotoso started as a lecturer in the department of Arabic and Islamic studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria (1972–1976), becoming a senior lecturer and head of the department of drama and director of the Life University Theatre (now Obafemi Awolowo University, 1976–1988). Between 1989 and 1991 he was a visiting professor in English at the University ...


Robert Fay

Kole Omotoso was born into a Yoruba family in Akura, Nigeria and received his early education in local schools. Inspired by his uncle, the author Olaiya Fagbamigbe, and by evenings spent listening to Yoruba folktales, Omotoso went on to publish stories while at King’s College in Lagos. He earned a bachelor of arts degree in French and Arabic from the University of Ibadan in 1968 and a docorate in modern Arabic literature from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland in 1972. He returned to Nigeria to write and teach, and took a post as professor at the University of Ibadan in 1976.

Influenced by the Nigerian writer Wole Soyinka Omotoso s increasingly political writings have dealt with issues affecting Africa s future from the perspective of ordinary people Omotoso believes in the power of the arts to bring social change He contributes frequently to magazines and ...


Marsha C. Vick

A Chicago native, Carolyn Marie Rodgers was influenced artistically in young adulthood by Gwendolyn Brooks and by the Organization of Black African Culture, a writers' group concerned with articulating the black aesthetic. In the late 1960s, she emerged from the Black Arts movement in Chicago as one of the “revolutionary poets” who created a profoundly black poetry in terms of language, technique, and theme.

Her early poems, collected in Paper Soul (1968), 2 Love Raps (1969), and Songs of a Black Bird (1969 deal with her advocacy of African American cultural revolution and with the conflicts between militancy and the traditional African American life that nurtured her Her identity as an African American female poet is also a prominent concern in these poems particularly as she tries to reconcile complex relationships between mothers and daughters and men and women Attempting to break away from ...