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J. A. Zumoff

socialist, journalist, and Jamaican nationalist, was born in Kingston, Jamaica. He was orphaned at an early age and raised by his uncle, Adolphus Grant, and was trained as a tailor. In Jamaica, he joined Sandy Cox's National Club, a pioneering nationalist organization, and became a leader along with Marcus Garvey. In 1910 Domingo moved to Boston, where he attended night school in preparation for medical school. In 1912 he instead moved to New York, where he became a successful importer of Caribbean food. When Garvey settled in New York in 1916, Domingo introduced him to local black political leaders. He became the first editor of the Negro World in 1917, the paper associated with Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, a Pan-African nationalist organization. At the same time, Domingo—along with other “New Negro” radicals, including Chandler Owen, A. Philip Randolph, and Richard Benjamin ...


Wilfred Domingo was born in Kingston, Jamaica, to a Jamaican mother and a Spanish father. He and his older brother and sister were orphaned at an early age and were raised by a maternal uncle. After attending the Calabar School and the Kingston Board School, he became an apprentice tailor in Kingston. Domingo joined the National Club, an organization that lobbied for Jamaican home rule. He became the club's second assistant secretary and befriended the club's first assistant secretary, Marcus Moziah Garvey. In 1912 Domingo moved to the United States, living first in Boston, Massachusetts, and then in New York, New York. There he formed the Jamaican Benevolent Association and became associated with the Socialist Party.

Domingo was loosely affiliated with Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), a radical Pan-Africanist organization founded in Kingston in 1914 and headquartered in New York City after 1916 Although Domingo ...