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Anton  

Jean Mutaba Rahier

In 1553 Anton and twenty-two other slaves embarked from Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, as part of merchandise bound for the Peruvian port of Callao. The ship wrecked off the coast of Esmeraldas, and the twenty-three slaves killed their Spanish captors and escaped into the forest.

At that time various small indigenous groups inhabited central Esmeraldas: the Niguas, Yumbos, Campaces, Lachas, and Malabas. The first contact of the maroons was with the Niguas and the Yumbos. As the groups clashed, the maroons enjoyed an advantage in combat, owing to the surprise provoked by their arrival and the firearms they had liberated from the shipwreck. Anton was nicknamed “the big sorcerer,” and his witchcraft skills were also a decisive factor in instilling fear into the Niguas and gaining their respect.

Through Anton's leadership the maroons increasingly dominated the indigenous communities. Sebastian Alonso de Illescas gradually established himself as Anton s ...

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In 1795, Joseph Chatoyer instigated a revolt of the Garinagu against the British on the Caribbean island of Saint Vincent the original home of the Garinagu Chief Chatoyer was killed during combat against British forces and the Garinagu were deported to Roatán Island off the coast of Honduras ...

Article

legendary founder of the Chadian kingdom of Baguirmi, was apparently born in the early sixteenth century. Given the wealth of legends about his life and the lack of documentary evidence, it may be that stories involving Dala Birni Bisse may refer to events linked to several early mbang kings of Baguirmi Many oral traditions collected about Dala Birni Bisse claim that his grandfather ʿAbd al Tukruru was the great grandson of ʿAli son in law of the prophet Muhammad Supposedly ʿAbd al Tukruru s father Muhammad Baguirmi was a black child of two Arabian parents who was nearly killed by his angry relatives ʿAbd al Tukruru advised his twelve sons and twelve of their friends to leave Yemen and establish a kingdom somewhere to the west They brought with them bellows made of stone from the holy city of Medina three drums three trumpets and three lances carried by ...

Article

Abdulai Iddrisu

ruler of Dagbon (in the West African savanna, present-day Ghana), occupies a special place in the history of Dagbon. Naa Mohammed Zangina was the son of Naa Titugri, who ruled from circa 1700 to circa 1715. Best known for being the first Muslim ruler, for encouraging trade and Muslim immigration into the kingdom, and for ending the Gonja menace, Naa Zangina radically changed the civilization of Dagbon.

He benefited from a rupture in the traditional method of consulting soothsayers to determine the rightful heir to the skin an animal skin signifying the chief s status The soothsayers had selected the poor and effeminate Nabi Gungonbili of Yalmo Karaga to succeed Naa Zolkugli This hurt the pride of the stronger princes who vowed to change this method of selection When Naa Gungonbili died an intense competition for the skin ensured the settlement of which was brought before Naa Atabia of ...

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David Owusu-Ansah

was Ankaasehene (chief of the Asante village of Ankaase) and Kyidomhene of the Kumasi (in what is now Ghana). There is no information available about Yamoa (Yaw Amoah) Ponko’s mother, but the biographical information refers to two siblings in the persons of Yamoa Asuman and Nti Kusi. Gyesi Kuo, their father, was said to have migrated in the early eighteenth century from Denkyira after it was displaced as the dominant Akan state. In the service of the Golden Stool (believed by the Asante to hold the soul of the nation), Gyesi Kuo was rewarded with the minor Ankaase Kra Amponsem stool (stools being symbols of rule), which also belonged to the Kyidom division of Kumasi. It was by his association with his father’s stool and by enriching it as the stool’s occupant that Yamoa Ponko would begin his ascent to prominence in the history of Asante.

Historian T C McCaskie ...