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Article

David Killingray

Son of Téwodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia. Alamayahu was orphaned when his father committed suicide during the British assault on Magdala in the war of 1868. He was brought to Britain in the care of Captain Tristram Speedy as a ward of the government. At Osborne, in the Isle of Wight, Alamayahu was introduced to Queen Victoria, who from then on took a distant interest in the young boy's welfare. While on the Isle of Wight, Alamayahu caused something of a sensation among the islanders, and he was photographed by Julia Margaret Cameron her pictures show a listless and sad looking boy Speed took the young Ethiopian prince with him to India but at the age of 10 and against his wishes and the advice of Queen Victoria he was sent to boarding school in Britain At the age of 17 Alamayahu entered the Royal Military ...

Article

Leila Kamali

Newspaper editor, statesman, and Mayor of Kingston, Jamaica. Jordon was born a freeman on 6 December 1800. He founded the Watchman and Jamaica Free Press in Kingston, which printed an editorial in 1832 calling to ‘knock off the fetters, and let the oppressed go free’. Jordon was tried for sedition—a crime that carried the death penalty—but was eventually acquitted.

He campaigned vigorously against slavery and, having won the Kingston seat in the House of Assembly in 1835, saw complete abolition in Jamaica in August 1838. He then founded the Morning Journal, became manager of Kingston Savings Bank, and director of the Planters' Bank.

Jordon was the first appointment to the Executive Committee under Sir Henry Barkly's governorship, and in 1854 the first man to be appointed both Mayor of Kingston and Custos. In 1860Queen Victoria made him a Companion of the Bath the first ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

king of the Ugandan monarchy of Toro, was probably born in the late 1860s or early 1870s at a time of radical changes in Toro; his full name was Rukirabasaija Daudi Kasagama Kyebambe.

Mukama Kabarega king of the larger kingdom of Bunyoro Kitara to the north of Toro considered his southern neighbor to be a fringe province of his own kingdom Toro had broken away from Bunyoro in the early nineteenth century and so Kabarega considered Kasagama and his family to be rebels Over the course of the 1870s and 1880s Kabarega had killed most members of Kasagama s Babito dynasty Kasagama himself grew up in the Buganda kingdom as a result Advancing British officers accompanied by Sudanese mercenaries in the 1890s sought to weaken and finally conquer Bunyoro Frederick Lugard a British officer who later would become one the architects of British colony policy in Africa led an expedition ...

Article

Godfrey Muriuki

Kikuyu chief in Kenya, was probably born in 1865 at Kiria in Kandara, Murang’a, Kenya. His father was Wanugu wa Gathirimu. Thus, originally he was known as son of Wanugu, son of a monkey. This became the butt of cruel and humiliating jokes, which forced him to adopt his grandfather’s name, Gathirimu. He is alleged to have been disowned by his family due to his waywardness, particularly in making too many girls pregnant and thereby forcing his relatives to pay unbearable compensation. He fled to Kiambu where he attached himself to a distant relative, Waiyaki wa Hinga, a prominent and wealthy elder. Waiyaki made him a njaguti, servant. He was, therefore, a poor man who lived by sometimes hunting wild animals, a practice that was frowned upon by the Kikuyu.

However the arrival of the Imperial British East Africa Company IBEACo changed his fortunes He offered his services to ...

Article

Nazneen Ahmed

Alias of Azaj Warqnah Ishete (1865–1952), Ethiopia's first modern‐trained physician and Ethiopian Minister to London at the time of the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. Born in Gondar, at the age of 3 Ishete was abandoned by his family during the capture of the fortress of Magada in 1868. Two British officers took him to India, assumed responsibility for his education, and christened him Charles Martin. Martin graduated from Lahore Medical College in 1882, becoming a medical officer in Burma in 1891. He was reunited with his family and his Ethiopian name on his visit to Addis Ababa in 1899. On another trip in 1908 as temporary medical officer in the British legation he treated the ailing Emperor Menilek. In 1919 he returned to Ethiopia to settle practising medicine and undertaking various forms of development work including the founding ...

Article

Sanjay Mistry

The first Asian elected to the House of Commons. Dadabhai Naoroji was born in Bombay in 1825. The son of a Parsee priest, he was educated at Elphinstone Institute School and later became a teacher.

In 1855 Naoroji was appointed Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. He became involved in politics and in 1867 helped to establish the East India Association. He was one of the first leaders of the Indian nationalist movement, who supported independence for India. He played an important role in establishing the Indian National Congress in 1865 and in 1886 was appointed President of the Indian National Congress.

Naoroji moved to England and joined the Liberal Party, and in July 1892 was successfully elected to Parliament where he represented Finsbury He therefore became the first Asian to be elected to the House of Commons Although he promised that his first duty would be to ...

Article

Bahru Zewde

emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1855–1868), was born about 1820 in the northwestern Ethiopian frontier district of Qwara. Until he assumed his throne name of Tewodros in 1855, he was known as Kasa Haylu. At the time of his birth, Ethiopia was going through a turbulent phase of its history, known as the Zamana Masafent (“Era of the Princes”), when regional lords held political sway and the emperors led a shadowy existence in the imperial capital, Gondar. In many ways a product of the Zamana Masafent, Kasa ultimately proved to be its antithesis.

Qwara provided Kasa with the political base that eventually catapulted him to imperial power From his half brother Kenfu Haylu he inherited the border skirmishes with the Egyptians who were then expanding into the Sudan and its borderlands But in contrast to Kenfu who dealt a decisive blow to the Egyptians at the Battle of Wad ...

Article

Kurt J. Werthmuller

Egyptian military officer and Minister of War, and leader and namesake of the “Urabi Revolt” against the Ottoman-Egyptian ruling class of the military in 1881–1882, was born in Huriya, a village near the Nile Delta city of Zaqaziq, on 1 April 1841. Because of the changing norms of Arabic-English transliteration, his name is also written as “Ahmed Orabi” and “Ahmed Arabi.” While his village belonged to the agricultural (fellah) class of Egyptian society, his father was a religious elder (shaykh) of the village, and a man of some means relative to the community. His family’s resources afforded ʿUrabi the opportunity to receive an excellent early education, culminating at the age of eight in the completion of his primary education at the prestigious al-Azhar University in Cairo.

It was ʿUrabi s conscription into the Egyptian army at the age of thirteen however that set him on the ...

Article

Tsegay Berhe Gebrelibanos

emperor of Ethiopia (1872–1889), was the coronation name for the former Dejazmach (military commander) Kassa otherwise Abba bazbez. Kassa was the son of Mercha, who was the Shum (governor) of Temben, and Weyzero (dame) Silas Dimtsu. At his birth, he had the advantage of uniting the rival princely houses of Tigray of the preceding century; including Ras Mikael Sehul of Adwa, Ras Welde Selassie of Enderta, and Dejazmach Subagadis of Agame. In 1864–1865, Kassa went with his brothers, Gugsa and Maru, to the court of the then Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II (r. 1855–1868). Gugsa was given the title of dejazmach and Kassa that of the lower office of balambaras. Both brothers were given jurisdictions over eastern Tigrayan districts.

In 1865 1866 Kassa openly rebelled against Tewodros and controlled most of Tigray by defeating the central government s appointees In the years 1867 1868 he cooperated with the British expeditionary ...

Article

Lynda R. Day

leader of the Kpa Mende Confederacy who wielded greater authority than any other Sierra Leonean woman of her time, was born about 1849 near Taiama in Gbo. She was originally known by her birth name, Soma, and had three brothers named Ali Kongo, Lamboi, and Goba. Her father and maternal grandfather were leaders in the Kpa Mende expansion westward from the Gorama chiefdom. With both a father and a grandfather who were prominent war leaders, Yoko met one of the most important criteria for leadership in this era, descent from the ruling elite of Mende country.

As a girl, Yoko was initiated into the women’s society, the Sande also known as Bundu there she gained a wide reputation as an excellent dancer Some sources mention a first husband the warrior Gongoima who may have been her cousin her father s sister s son Other sources describe her first marriage ...