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Efraim Barak

, Egyptian writer, journalist, politician, and intellectual, was born on 20 August 1945, to a middle-class family. The eldest of five children, Fuda spent his childhood in the village of Zarqa, which is located in the district of Dumyat, on the coast of the Mediterranean. His father, ʿAli, who was a devout Muslim and very involved in community life, studied mechanical engineering at the University of Alexandria; he then went on to a career overseeing maintenance at the iron and steel firm in Hilwan. Fuda’s mother died when he was fourteen.

Fuda finished high school in 1962 and began studying agriculture at university, at the decree of the governmental coordination office, which determined higher education placement. In 1967 he graduated with honors from ʿAin Shams University in Cairo and took a position teaching there A year later he was involved in student demonstrations and was detained for two ...

Article

Hope W. Jackson

educator and martyred civil rights activist. Before Medgar Wylie Evers or Rosa Parks, there was Harry Tyson Moore, born on 18 November 1905 in the small town of Houston, Florida, in Suwannee County. He was the only child of Johnny Moore, who maintained the water lines for local railroads, and Rosa Tyson Moore. When Harry was nine his father died, and subsequently he lived in Jacksonville with three of his mother's sisters, Jesse, Adrianna, and Masie Tyson. One was a nurse and the other two were educators. From these women Harry learned the importance of education, as well as histories of affluent blacks.

In 1919 Moore returned to Suwannee County and attended the high school at the Florida Baptist Institute—later part of what is now Florida Memorial University—where his intelligence and high grades earned him the nickname “Doc.” He graduated from the institute in 1925 ...

Article

Kate Tuttle

The victim of a bombing on Christmas night, Harry Tyson Moore was only forty-six when he died, but in his short life he accomplished much. Trained as a schoolteacher, Moore worked for the Brevard County, Florida, school system from 1925 until 1946, when his NAACP–supported campaign to secure equal pay for African American teachers cost him his position as superintendent of the area's Negro high school. Following the loss of his job, Moore continued to work for the state branch of the NAACP, focusing not only on economic and educational equality but also on voter registration and the fair enforcement of laws. When in November 1951 a white sheriff shot two black handcuffed defendants, killing one, Moore demanded that he be indicted for murder.

On December 25 of that year a bomb exploded under the bedroom of Moore s house killing him instantly his wife Harriet died a few ...

Article

Steven F. Lawson

Moore, Harry Tyson (18 November 1905–25 December 1951), educator and civil rights activist, was born in Houston, Florida, the son of S. Johnny Moore, a farmer and store owner, and Rosalea Alberta Tyson, an insurance agent. An African American, Moore grew up in rural, northern Florida when racial segregation was in full force. After attending public schools in Daytona Beach and Jacksonville, in 1925 Moore graduated from Florida Memorial College in Live Oak with an A.A. degree. (Not until 1951 did he receive a B.S. degree from Bethune Cookman College.) In 1926 Moore began his teaching career at Cocoa Junior High School in Cocoa, Florida. As a public school teacher, he knew firsthand that a separate school system shortchanged black students and faculty in providing unequal facilities and financial resources. In 1926 Moore married Harriette Vyda Simms; they had two children.

Moore s concern about discrimination prompted ...

Article

Shane Graham

South African short story writer, novelist, literary critic, track-and-field athlete, and educator, was born 1 March 1931 in Cape Town to Nancy Ward Rive. His paternity is uncertain, as his father died soon after his birth and was seldom discussed in his home, though Rive speculated in his autobiography that his father may have been an African American. Rive was raised in the mixed-race inner-city area of Cape Town known as District Six, which his writing helped to transform into an emblem of apartheid oppression and dispossession. The district was condemned as a slum in 1966 and was declared “whites only” under the Group Areas Act; subsequently the entire neighborhood was razed and left undeveloped for decades. Rive said in a 1988 interview I always feel when I am here in District 6 that I am standing over a vast cemetery of people who have been moved away against ...