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Article

Eric Bennett

Jane Goodall, the daughter of an engineer father and a novelist mother, was born in London, England. She had not received any college training in biology before taking her first trip to Africa as a tourist at the age of twenty-three. She went to Kenya, where she met paleontologist and anthropologist Louis Leakey. Goodall was a passionate amateur natural historian, and Leakey hired her as his assistant. In 1960, with Leakey's help, Goodall established a camp in the Gombe Stream Game Reserve in Tanzania, from which she ventured out each day to observe chimpanzees.

During the early 1960s, with extreme patience and slow progress, Goodall became acquainted with a group of chimpanzees on the shores of Lake Tanganyika By winning their trust Goodall was able to sit among them observing a hitherto undiscovered complexity of their relationships Goodall learned that chimpanzees maintain specific social ...

Article

Amy M. Hay

In a profession notoriously inhospitable to African Americans, the life and career of the zoologist Roger Arliner Young showed both the achievement of professional respect and the severe obstacles black women faced as scientific researchers and teachers.

Young attended the University of Pennsylvania and received her PhD in Zoology in 1940, one of a handful of advanced degrees awarded to black women in the sciences before that decade. Despite financial worries, academic pressures, and little institutional stability, Young participated as a researcher at the world-renowned Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and was published in the prestigious journal Science in 1924.

Born in Clifton Forge, Virginia, Young grew up in Burgettstown, Pennsylvania, and attended public schools there. She first went to Howard University in 1916 to study music and took her first zoology class in 1921. Her teacher for this class, Dr Ernest Everett Just ...