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Sterling Recker

Rwandan politician and prime minister is a Hutu who came of age under Belgian colonial rule Gitera was educated in a Catholic seminary which had been established by the Belgian colonial powers The institutions of colonialism and the Catholic Church had both favored Tutsi supremacy for most of Gitera s life which contributed to his ideological development and his determined focus on revolution and reform by the late 1950s Gitera was a businessman who went on to create a political party which was ostensibly based on class interests as opposed to the principles of ethnicity but nevertheless attracted only Hutu members He challenged the privileges that Tutsi held and demanded independence for Rwanda during the 1950s Gitera was attempting to appeal to all Rwandans regardless of ethnicity by using nationalist ideology to create a movement against the colonial powers and church influence both of which were supportive of the Tutsi ...


Alexandre Hatungimana

twice prime minister of the newly independent Burundi in 1963 and 1965, was born in the northeast of the country on 11 November 1932 to a Hutu family of the Bashubi clan. His father dead, he was raised by his mother, who enrolled him at the primary school in Kanyinya, one of the oldest Catholic missions. He then entered the seminary in Mugera at the beginning of the 1950s before following higher studies at the Lovanium University (in Kinshasa), which he completed in 1959 with a license in political and administrative sciences.

Noted for his intelligence, in 1959 Ngendandumwe was named assistant administrator of the Kitega and then of the Kayanza territory He was the first Burundian to occupy such a post of responsibility On 14 January he married Thérèse Nyanjwenge with whom he had four daughters On the following 28 September he entered the first nationalist government ...