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Richard A. Bradshaw

leader of Ubangi-Shari’s independence movement and “Father of the Central African Republic,” was born on 4 April 1910 at Bobangui, Lobaye. His father Swalakpé and mother Siribé both belonged to the Mbaka (Ngbaka) ethnic group. Swalakpé, a local leader with five wives, died before Boganda’s birth during an attack by colonial troops on his village. Siribé, the third of Swalakpé’s wives, was beaten to death by a soldier shortly after her husband’s death. An orphan, Boganda was taken into custody by the head of the French post at M’Baïki, Lieutenant Mayer, who entrusted him to the care of Father Gabriel Herriau of the Catholic mission at Bétou. In 1920 the Bétou mission was closed and Boganda was taken to the St. Paul mission in Bangui, where he attended primary school until 1924 While at St Paul s he was baptized adopted the name Barthélemy 24 December 1922 and was ...


Meghan Elisabeth Healy

British advocate for the Zulu kingdom and Anglican missionary, was born in Norfolk, England. She was the first of five children born to John William Colenso and Sarah Frances (Bunyon) Colenso, a couple whose universalistic Christian faith pushed them into repeated confrontations with ecclesiastical and colonial authorities.

In 1853 John Colenso was appointed the Anglican bishop of Natal, and in 1855 the Colensos established their home and mission station at Bishopstowe, near the colonial capital of Pietermaritzburg. Known as Ekukhanyeni (“the place of light” in Zulu), the Colensos’s mission station became a center of Christian schooling and evangelization in the colony. Ekukhanyeni also became a center of political agitation: Bishop Colenso advocated for the AmaHlubi Chief Langalibalele ka Mthimkhulu during the chief’s trial on charges of rebellion in 1874, and he supported the Zulu king Cetshwayo ka Mpande during and after the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879.

Bishop Colenso ...


Rahal Boubrik

tribal leader and leader of resistance to French domination in Mauritania, was born on 10 February 1831 in the Hawd region, in present-day eastern Mauritania. His father was Muhammad Fadil, founder of the fadiliyya Sufi order. Until the age of 28, Maʾ al-ʿAynayn remained with his father, who was his only teacher in the esoteric and the exoteric. At the end of his education, his father gave him permission to undertake his first voyage. Maʾ al-ʿAynayn traveled to a number of holy places, including Mecca. Having returned from his pilgrimage, he began searching for a propitious place to settle down; and his choice became the Sagiya al-Hamraʾ region in what is today Western Sahara.

Maʾ al-ʿAynayn, who lived in a tent until the beginning of the 1880s, decided to found an urban center; and in 1888 he undertook the construction of the city of Smara which he wanted to ...