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Susan J. Rayl

professional basketball player and team owner, was born in St. Kitts, British West Indies. No information is available concerning Douglas's parents or his early education. He observed his first basketball game shortly after arriving in New York City in 1902. In around 1919 Douglas and some friends organized the Spartan Field Club, which offered black New York City youths the opportunity to participate in amateur cricket, soccer, track, and basketball. Coach Douglas's basketball team, the Spartan Braves, were successful, and at times he joined them on the court.

In 1922 Douglas ran into problems with the Metropolitan Basketball Association an amateur organization over the status of a couple of his players Because of this controversy Douglas organized the New York Renaissance a professional basketball team He approached the owner of the Renaissance Ballroom in Harlem agreeing to use the name Renaissance in return for practice and playing ...


Sarbjit Singh

Hall of Fame basketball player nicknamed “Clyde” during his professional playing days, was born Walter Frazier Jr. in Atlanta, Georgia, the eldest of nine children of Walter Frazier Sr. At his all-black high school in the racially segregated South of the 1950s, he mastered basketball on a dirt playground, the only facility available to him. Frazier exhibited an athletic brilliance early in his life, becoming a three-sport star at David Howard High School. He quarterbacked the football team, played catcher on the baseball team, and was a versatile player on the basketball team.

After his success at David Howard Frazier decided to attend Southern Illinois University SIU at Carbondale Illinois Because of racial segregation it was not possible for Frazier to attend major colleges in Georgia such as Georgia Tech and the University of Georgia or any other major universities in the South Frazier was actually offered more ...


Jason Philip Miller

professional basketball player, member of the Harlem Globetrotters, and minister, was born George Meadow Lemon III in Wilmington, North Carolina. Neither his parents' names nor their occupations are known. When he was eleven years old, Lemon went to the local movie house and saw a short reel about Abe Saperstein's famous Harlem Globetrotters basketball team and decided that one day he would be a member. Lemon attended public school in Wilmington, where he excelled at basketball and football. In 1952, while still a high school student, he wrote the Globetrotters to request a tryout and was given one, but he failed to make the team.

That same year Lemon matriculated at Florida A M University but he spent only a few weeks there before he was drafted into the U S Army He spent two years in the service and as luck would have it was stationed ...


Dolph H. Grundman

basketball player, was born in Alexandria, Virginia, the son of Theodore Lloyd, a laborer, and Daisy (Mitchell) Lloyd, a domestic. The Virginia of Lloyd's youth was deeply segregated. In 1942 he entered Parker-Gray High School in Alexandria, where he played basketball, baseball, and football. At Parker-Gray, Lloyd was profoundly influenced by Lewis Randolph Johnson, who coached all of the school's sports. By 1946, when Lloyd graduated from high school, he had scholarship offers from all of the black colleges and universities along the Atlantic coast. Since Coach Johnson was a graduate of West Virginia State College in Institute just outside Charleston, Lloyd took his mentor's advice and entered the black college in West Virginia. He was the first member of his family to attend college.

At West Virginia State, Lloyd found a caring faculty and another skilled coach, Mark Cardwell The Yellow Jackets played ...


Paul Devlin

professional basketball player, was born in Greensboro, North Carolina. His mother was an elementary school teacher who had attained a master's degree, and his father was a custodian at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. McAdoo attended Ben L Smith High School in Greensboro Though he lived closer to a black high school he was bused to the integrated Ben L Smith High School because he thought it would be easier to make the basketball team there McAdoo was a basketball and track star in high school leading his basketball team to the state semifinals He was also a talented alto saxophone player He did not have the requisite test scores to attend the four year University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill UNC CH which was well known for its basketball program At first McAdoo attended Vincennes Junior College in Indiana where he did well academically and ...


Gerard Sloan

basketball player, was born in Norwalk, Connecticut. Although Murphy was undersized by his sport's standards at five feet nine inches, his basketball career at Norwalk High School was legendary. He was named to the all-state team three times and was named a high school All-American twice. After receiving hundreds of scholarship offers, he eventually settled on Niagara University, where in addition to basketball duties he would perform as a baton twirler during halftime of the nearby Buffalo Bills football games.

In 1966 as Murphy entered college the National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA had a rule in place barring freshmen from playing varsity basketball While playing for the freshman team he averaged forty nine points and nine rebounds a game attracting nationwide attention There was some speculation that he might transfer after he voiced concern over being one of the few blacks and non Catholics at the school but ...


Jacob Andrew Freedman

basketball player, coach, and general manager, was born Leonard Randolph Wilkens Jr. in Brooklyn, New York, the second oldest of the five children of Leonard Wilkens, an African American chauffeur, and Henrietta Cross, an Irish American candy shop worker. While in many parts of the country such an interracial marriage would have been the cause of discrimination or worse, in the impoverished immigrant melting pot of Bedford-Stuyvesant it went largely unnoticed. Life in Bedford-Stuyvesant, one of the toughest parts of Brooklyn, became more difficult when Wilkens Sr. died in 1942. Henrietta Wilkens sustained by love for her family and the Irish Catholic Church worked tirelessly to provide for her children Young Lenny was expected to contribute and began work as a house cleaner work that gave the nine year old Wilkens a sense of pride at being able to fulfill his duty as ...