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Article

Carl Moneyhon

John Edward Bush was born a slave in Moscow, Tennessee. In 1862 his master moved him and his mother to Arkansas to keep them from being freed when the Union army moved into western Tennessee. His mother died when Bush was only seven years old. He was educated in the freedmen's and public schools of Little Rock and was considered a good student by his teachers. He paid his school tuition by molding bricks. In 1876 he graduated from high school with honors and was immediately appointed principal of Capital Hill School, a public institution for African Americans in Little Rock. In 1878 he moved to Hot Springs, where he was named to head that city's African American high school.

In 1879 Bush returned to Little Rock, where he married Cora Winfrey, the daughter of a wealthy African American contractor, Solomon Winfrey The couple had four children ...

Article

Darius Young

U.S. Army lieutenant, businessman, Republican Party leader, and author, was born George Washington Lee to Reverend George and Hattie Lee in a small town in Sunflower County, Mississippi. Lee never knew his father. His parents separated shortly after his birth, and then his father died while Lee was still an infant. His mother single-handedly raised Lee and his older brother, Abner. She initially worked as a sharecropper for room and board. Hattie wanted a better lifestyle for her children, and every day she would hitch her wagon behind a mule and carry Lee and Abner several miles to the nearest county school. Lee remained on the cotton plantation until their landlord forced his family to leave. At that point the family packed their belongings and moved to the thriving town of Indianola, Mississippi.

Indianola was located in the heart of the Mississippi Delta and boasted one ...