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Glenn Allen Knoblock

a soldier and sailor during the War of 1812, was born in Pennsylvania. At the beginning of the war he likely served in a Pennsylvania militia regiment, but sometime after March 1813 he was sent for duty at sea aboard the Lake Erie squadron under the command of Oliver Hazard Perry. Short on manpower during the outfitting of his fleet at Erie, Pennsylvania, including the twenty-gun brigs Lawrence and Niagara, Perry was forced to plead with his superior, Commodore Isaac Chauncey, to send him more men. After much wrangling, Chauncey finally sent Perry 150 men in two separate drafts, including African Americans Robert Brown, Jesse Walls, and James Brown Unfortunately Perry was unhappy with the caliber of the men he received complaining to Chauncey that The men that came are a motley set blacks Soldiers and boys I cannot think that you saw them after they ...


Kathryn L. Beard

soldier, sailor, and shipbuilder during the War of Independence, was born free in the British colony of St. Kitts of mixed race parentage. Little is known about his early life. Prior to adulthood he became literate, fluent in French and English, and he trained as a skilled craftsman in building dwellings and ships. As a free person of color in one of the older sugar colonies, he would have benefited from an increasing emigration of whites and, by 1745, a plantation system characterized by a high level of absenteeism by white landowners. These factors contributed to the growth of a small colored elite, financed largely by credit given by white relatives but still facing legal and de facto discrimination. For example, until 1830 the laws of St Kitts prohibited free people of color from attending the colony s few public schools although they paid taxes to ...


Rayford W. Logan

James Nickens was a freeborn descendant of Edward Nickens, a well-to-do black landowner of Lancaster County, Virginia. Nickens, along with several brothers and cousins, fought against the British on land and at sea. He enlisted in the naval service in the early days of the American Revolution (1775–1783) for a period of three years. He served on three or four vessels, notably for two years and three months on the Norfolk Revenge, an armed galley propelled by sails. After his discharge from the U.S. Navy, he enlisted at the Lancaster Court House for land service until the end of the war in 1783. He joined troops under Baron von Steuben in Cumberland County, North Carolina, and served in an artillery regiment in South Carolina under General Nathaniel Greene. At the Battle of Eutaw Springs, near Eutawville, South Carolina, on September 8, 1781 officers ...