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Charles Rosenberg

best known as the reputed inventor of the potato chip, who established his own restaurant in the resort community of Saratoga Springs, New York. His ancestry and ethnicity are a matter of speculation; he may have been best described in Saratoga Springs, New York: A Brief History as “of thoroughly mixed American blood.” He is generally reported in census data from 1850 to 1880 as mulatto and in later censuses as black. It is commonly said that his mother was of Native American descent and that he “looked Indian.”

Crum was born in Malta, New York, to Abraham (or Abram) Speck and his wife Catherine. Although oral accounts suggest Speck was from Kentucky and possibly had been enslaved there, the 1820 Federal Census shows a “Free Colored Person” male, age twenty-six to forty-five, of that name, living in New York, and the 1840 Census shows a free ...

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Douglas Fleming Roosa

parachutist and pilot, was born in Cleveland, Ohio. Nothing is known about her parents, childhood, or education. She was attracted to flying by the career of Bessie Coleman, aviation's first African American female licensed pilot and an inspiration to many blacks and women who dreamed of pursuing a career in aviation, even after her untimely death in 1926. Darby, along with Willie “Suicide” Jones, was one of the few blacks to make a living as a barnstorming daredevil. In 1932 Darby took flying lessons at the Curtiss-Wright Aeronautical University in Chicago, a flight school and aeronautical engineering training ground named after American aviation pioneers, Glenn Curtiss and the Wright brothers. She made her first parachute jump in the summer of 1932 and quickly embraced the activity, performing exhibition jumps. One such jump in October of 1932 in St Louis Missouri ended badly when she broke both ...

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Charles Rosenberg

educator and mathematician, was born in McKamie, Arkansas, the eldest child of Charles W. and Elnora Berry White, who were born and married in Louisiana and moved to Washington, D.C., around 1910. Reed's younger brother Percy was also born in Arkansas in 1909 or 1910, while another son, Melvin, was born around 1914 in Washington, and youngest child Lucille in Washington in 1918.

Initially, his parents moved into a boarding house in the northwest of the city, to be joined later by their two sons. Charles White found work as a messenger and then as a clerk in a government office. Clarence White graduated the District's Dunbar High School and obtained a scholarship to Amherst College in Amherst, Massachusetts, where he enrolled in 1924. Graduating in 1928 with a bachelor s degree in mathematics and Latin he returned to Washington and resumed living ...