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Sarah Sarzynski

is famous for his role as the religious leader of a messianic movement established in Canudos in the arid backlands of northeastern Brazil. His given name was Antônio Vicente Mendes Maciel, though he was best known as “O Conselheiro” (the Counselor). For two years (1896–1897), the Brazilian armed forces battled against the religious community of Canudos (also known as Belo Monte), ending in the annihilation of the majority of community members and in Conselheiro’s death. Euclides da Cunha’s journalistic reports on the War of Canudos, published later as Os sertões (1902; Rebellion in the Backlands), turned the story into a Brazilian national epic with its positivist portrayal of civilization against barbarism. While the popularity of Os sertões influenced the incorporation of Canudos as a symbol of the Brazilian nation the historical narrative of Canudos and Conselheiro has been frequently revisited and revised by scholars filmmakers ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

Gabonese Roman Catholic religious figure, was born on 5 July 1901 in Libreville, Gabon. Her father, Audibert (1853–1925), was a Mpongwe Omyènè-speaking trader. Her mother, Suono (1880–1971), was a woman from southern Cameroon whom Audibert met while working for a German company. Although he was already married to an Mpongwe woman, Fatou-Berre’s family treated Suono’s daughter as a full member of their family. Like most other Mpongwe girls in the early twentieth century, she attended Catholic schools run by the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception. She attended these schools from 1909 to 1918.

By 1910 the young girl already had an interest in becoming a nun and being trained at a boarding school Even though her father did not want to pay for her tuition she managed to go to the school for free Five years later she met two adolescent Gabonese girls who ...

Article

Jonathon L. Earle

leading Ugandan Roman Catholic, Ganda chief minister of justice (Omulamuzi), and appointed regent to Kabaka Daudi Chwa during his minority, was born in Bukeerere, Uganda. His father was Omutaka Musiitwa, a highly respected clan leader in Bukeerere. His mother Ttiisa was related to leaders in the Nkima (Monkey) clan. Following the death of his father, Mugwanya was entrusted to the care of his eldest brother, Malibana Mberenge, who-later was instrumental in placing Mugwanya as a page in Kabaka Muteesa I’s court around the age of 12.

In Muteesa I s court Mugwanya excelled as a musician At the time of his placement Islam was the semi state religion within Buganda Muteesa for a period of time maintained Ramadan and implemented the Hegira the Muslim calendar Muteesa also strove to learn Arabic and memorize the Qurʾan a practice that chiefs and pages were encouraged to do Mugwanya excelled in ...

Article

Cyprian Davis

newspaper editor and Catholic lay leader, was born in Bardstown, Kentucky, the son of Robert Rudd, a slave on the Rudd estate, and Elizabeth “Eliza” Hayden, a slave of the Hayden family in Bardstown. He was baptized a Catholic when an infant. Although little information exists about his early life, it may be conjectured that his Catholic upbringing came chiefly from his mother, who acted as sexton in the local church for-more than sixty years. After the Civil War, he went to Springfield, Ohio, where an older brother had already established himself, to get a secondary-school education.

There is little information about Rudd until 1884, when he began a black newspaper, the Ohio State Tribune. In 1886 Rudd changed the name of the weekly newspaper to the American Catholic Tribune proudly displaying on the editorial page the words The only Catholic Journal owned and ...

Article

Marian Aguiar

The child of Roman Catholic slaves, Daniel Rudd founded the first African American Catholic newspaper, the Ohio State Tribune, in 1886. The newspaper, later called American Catholic Tribune, promoted the Catholic Church as an institution recognizing all people as equals. In 1889 Rudd organized the first ...

Article

Linda Spencer

author and Catholic activist, was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the first of three girls born to Robert Tarry, a barber, and Eula Meadows, a seamstress for wealthy white people in Birmingham. Tarry wrote in her autobiography, The Third Door (1955):

Anthropologists would probably have said that my father was a mulatto and my mother an octoroon. I do not know what scientific name they might have used to describe my two sisters and me. I do know a lot of unscientific names were used, but I was a young lady before I really understood. Mamy once laughingly said we were a “duke's mixture”; to me, that seemed closer to the truth than anything else did.

Born into a warm loving and supportive family Ellen only realized her complexion was an issue when she entered the segregated Birmingham Slater School In elementary school because of her ...