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Chima Anyadike

Nigerian Roman Catholic cardinal, was born on 1 November 1932 to Arinze Nwankwu later baptized Joseph and Bernadette Ekwoanya in the rural town of Eziowelle in southeastern Nigeria Of humble beginnings he was in his early years raised in the Igbo traditional religious system until he was nine when he was baptized into the Catholic church by Father Michael Iwene Tansi the first and only Nigerian to date to be canonized by the church As a teacher and parish priest Father Tansi could not but notice that the young Arinze was humble hardworking and intelligent since he came out in the first position in his class examinations Arinze s aspiration to priesthood was largely a result of Father Tansi s influence and interest in him His father was however initially opposed to that aspiration As a cardinal Arinze still remembers the terms of that opposition You will not become ...

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Jeremy Rich

Congolese Roman Catholic cardinal, religious leader, and martyr, was born in the Lari village of Mpangala in the Congolese district of Kindamba. His mother Biyela and his father Sémo named him Biayenda, “the lost treasures” in Kikongo, to honor the early deaths of Biyela’s parents. The couple had three children before Biyela’s death, one of whom would later be executed by firing squad. Ultimately, Sémo married another woman, and Biayenda remained close with his half-brothers, including the poet Maxime N’Debeka.

Biayenda began his primary studies at Pangala in 1935 and then continued his education at the Catholic Mission School of Kindamba from 1937 to 1942 Léon Lebanitou a schoolmate of Biayenda recalled how serious the future cardinal was as a boy and how he concentrated on praying rather than playing soccer Another former classmate remembered how Biayenda washed peanuts with soap before cooking them for a group of missionaries ...

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Alexis Tengan

Ghanaian Roman Catholic cardinal, was born around 1918 on the border between present-day Ghana and Burkina Faso. He was born into a Dagara noble priestly family, and started his career at an early age, as an assistant fetish priest in the Dagara traditional religion. At birth he was given the name Poreku Dery because he was thought to be a spirit incarnate and because his father was called Poreku (Dery, 2001 p 20 The Dagara assign the personal name Dery to a male child if that child is believed to have already experienced a brief moment of human life and death at an early age If a child dies before he is weaned he is buried with a mark on his body if the next child born to the same family is of the same gender and also bears this particular mark he is considered the reincarnation of that ...

Article

Roman Catholic cardinal in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was born on 3 December 1930 in the village of Mazalonga, located in the northwest Équateur Province of the present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo. He attended Catholic mission primary schools in Boyenge. After he attended a minor seminary at Bolongo, he entered a major seminary at Kabwe. After completing seminary, he did not immediately feel a calling for the priesthood, but then chose to be ordained. On 13 July 1958 Etsou-Nazabi-Bamungwabi was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi first worked in a neighborhood of Kinshasa and the nearby town of Kintambo. He spent much of the 1960s studying sociology and theology in France and Belgium On his return to his homeland he served as pastor of Saint Pierre parish in Kinshasa He eventually rose over the course of the ...

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Tiffany Gleason

Dahoman Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal, was born on 8 May 1922 in the town of Toffo, Dahomey (present-day Benin). Growing up in the region of Abomey, he undertook his primary studies at the École Régionale of Abomey, from 1929 to 1935. On 28 October 1935 he entered the seminary with eighteen other students. A focused seminarian, he taught Latin classes to secondary-school students during World War II. Gantin was ordained as a Catholic priest in Ouidah on 14 January 1951 by Louis Parisot (1885–1960), vicar apostolic of Cotonou, and was later appointed professor at Saint Joan of Arc, the minor seminary in Ouidah. In 1953 he moved to Italy to continue his religious studies at Saint Peter s College in Rome He took courses at the Urban Pontifical University and the Lateran Pontifical University where he received two degrees one in theology 1954 and the other in ...

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Jeremy Rich

Congolese religious leader and Roman Catholic cardinal, was born on 12 December 1917 in Léopoldville (Kinshasa) to Remacle Ngalula and Jeanne Bolumbu. His father was Luba and his mother was Mongo. From 1931 to 1934, he received instruction at Mbata-Kiela, where future president of the Republic of the Congo (today, the Democratic Republic of the Congo [former Zaire]). Joseph Kasa-Vubu was one of his classmates. From 1934 to 1937, he attended seminary at Bolongo, before attending the Kabwe seminary, where he prepared for the priesthood for eight years. On 6 June 1946 he was ordained into the Roman Catholic priesthood. After serving as a teacher at a seminary, he was assigned a series of positions as priest in different neighborhoods in Léopoldville in the 1950s.

Like many other Western educated Congolese Malula was extremely frustrated with the continued paternalist policies of the Belgian colonial government Malula coauthored ...

Article

Roman Catholic archbishop of Kampala, Uganda, and cardinal, was born in the Mityana district of Buganda, Uganda on 5 November 1914. His parents were committed Catholics, and he grew up in the strongly Catholic environment of Buganda, which the White Fathers (the Missionaries of Africa, founded by the French Cardinal Charles Lavigerie) had established since their arrival at the court of the Kabaka (king) in 1879.

In 1916 Nsubuga entered the junior seminary at Bukalasa in Buddu, the heart of Ganda Catholicism, crossing the road to the major seminary of Katigondo in 1937. He was ordained priest in 1946 at Rubaga Cathedral in Kampala and was appointed to a parish in Mubende on the border between Buganda and Bunyoro Nsubuga was fluent in both the Luganda and Lunyoro languages during this time he also learned French the language spoken by the White Fathers Nsubuga served in ...

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Cajetan N. Iheka

Roman Catholic Archbishop, Cardinal, and social critic, was born in Lagos, Nigeria, on 16 June 1936, the first child of Michael Ohiagbon Okogie and Lucy Akinola Okogie. His father was from the Uromi royal family in the present-day Edo state, Nigeria, while his mother was a relation of the then Alaafin (royal king) of Oyo Kingdom in the present-day Oyo state. Michael Okogie (his father) relocated to Lagos, where he enlisted in the Nigeria Customs Service and married Lucy Afolabi in 1935.

Between 1942 and 1948, Okogie attended Holy Cross Primary School, Lagos. However, his education was interrupted when his father was transferred to Sapele in the present-day Delta state, Nigeria. In Sapele, Okogie continued his primary education at Saint Patrick’s Primary School, Sapele, between 1949 and 1951 Again his father was transferred to Lagos and the young Okogie had to relocate too In Lagos Okogie ...

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Jeremy Rich

Cameroonian religious leader and the country’s first Roman Catholic cardinal, was born in the town of Kikaikelaki on 15 October 1930, in the northwestern region of Cameroon, then governed by the British government. His family belonged to the Nso ethnic group. He thus grew up in an Anglophone environment. Tumi attended Catholic primary and secondary schools and eventually attended a seminary in Enugu, Nigeria. On 17 April 1966, he was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest in Enugu. Tumi then studied philosophy at the University of Lyon in France and received a doctorate in theology at the University of Fribourg in Switzerland.

One of his first tasks was to teach at the seminary of Bambui in Cameroon. Tumi became the auxiliary bishop of Yagoua on 6 January 1980 For the next two years Tumi struggled to defend religious freedom in this region of northern Cameroon since President ...

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Samson Akanvose Aziabah

Ghanaian Roman Catholic Cardinal, was born on 11 October 1948 in Wassaw Nsuta, Ghana. The fourth among ten children, Cardinal Turkson had his elementary schooling at Nsuta Roman Catholic Primary and Urban Council Middle School and Pre-seminary at Saltpond. He obtained his Ordinary (“O”) level and Advanced (“A”) level education at St. Teresa’s Minor Seminary in Amisano, near Elmina, Ghana, between 1962 and 1969.

Turkson entered Saint Peter’s Regional Seminary, Pedu, where he studied philosophy for two years, and for the period 1971–1975 he continued his studies at St. Anthony-on-Hudson Seminary (a seminary for the Conventual Franciscan friars) in Rensselaer, New York. While there, he obtained a master’s in theology (MTh) and a master’s in divinity (MDiv) and worked at the St. Joseph’s Parish, Arbor Hill, Albany. His main apostolate was working with street kids in a predominantly African American neighborhood.

On 20 July 1975 Turkson was ordained ...

Article

Kevin Ward

Ugandan Roman Catholic cardinal, was born on 15 December 1926, at Kamaggwa in the Masaka district of Uganda, the heartland of Buganda’s Catholicism. He trained for the priesthood at Bukalasa Junior Seminary, and from 1949 to 1955 he studied at the senior seminary of Katigondo. He subsequently spent two years at the Urban University in Rome.

The late 1950s was a significant time for African Catholicism—a number of bright young African ordinands completed their studies in Rome before returning to their respective countries to take up positions of leadership in the Catholic churches of independent African countries. Wamala learned to speak fluent Italian and Latin during these years. Wamala was ordained as a priest in Rome in December 1957 and returned to Uganda to work in the Masaka diocese under Bishop Joseph Kiwanuka. He was assigned to the Villa Maria parish. In 1974 Bishop Adrian Ddungu appointed ...