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Ramon Bulerin

was born in the town of Carolina, Puerto Rico, on 21 October 1923. She was the fifth of eight children born to Raymundo Orta, a construction worker, and Cecilia Allende, a seamstress who knitted and embroidered by hand. Both from Carolina, they married in 1910. The family’s ancestry in Puerto Rico originated from Loíza, an area dedicated to the production of cassava and sugar by enslaved Africans until slavery’s abolition in 1873, and which continues to have a large Afro–Puerto Rican population.

Cecilia finished elementary and high school in Carolina and took painting classes under the tutelage of Carmelita González Córdoba from age 15 to 18. In 1941 during her college years she studied under the home economics program of the Universidad de Puerto Rico UPR earning an undergraduate degree in science At UPR she also studied painting with the Spanish painter Cristóbal Ruiz and piano ...


Peter Szok

and the most important promoter of Panama’s diablos rojos (red devils), the fantastically painted buses of Colón and Panama City, was born in Panama City on 3 April 1955. He attended school through the sixth grade before dropping out to take up a number of menial jobs. Later he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas and earned a degree in studio art. Despite his training at the academy, Salazar’s instincts were those of an outsider artist, one whose inspiration came less from formal classes and more from older, well-known bus painters such as Teodoro de Jesús “Yoyo” Villarué, Virgilio Teodoro “Billy” Madriñán, and Rubén “El Precolombino” Darío Coya.

Bus art bloomed in the 1940s when thousands of US soldiers were stationed on the isthmus to protect the canal from a potential Axis attack Their presence sparked a period of rapid economic growth and fostered a nightlife rivaling ...


Raul Zamudio

was born on 22 March 1949 in Mexico City, Mexico. Her parents were Rafael Tufiño, a Puerto Rican artist, and Luz Maria Aguirre, a Mexican dancer. After finishing secondary school in Puerto Rico, Tufiño studied from 1967 to 1970 at Mexico City’s prestigious Academy of San Carlos. It was during this time that she met the great Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siquieros, and this eventful encounter would inspire Tufiño to expand her artistic interests to mural production in addition to painting, printmaking, and ceramics. After graduating from the Academy of San Carlos in 1970, she moved to New York City, and the following year she continued her fine art studies at the Art Students League. Tufiño’s formal education culminated in 1983 with an M.S. degree in urban affairs from Hunter College, City University of New York.

Nurtured by her artistic parents and with an immense innate talent Tufiño s ...