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Nicolás Fernández Bravo

founder of the association “A Turma da Bahiana” of Buenos Aires, was born on 9 September 1948 in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. She is the daughter of Ercilia Francisca de Paula, a housewife, and Joaquín Assumpção da Boa Morte. She attended high school in Brazil, and began her interest in theater and music when still in high school. She is the mother of five daughters, one born in Brazil, another in Uruguay, and three in Argentina, and she has two grandchildren.

In 1971 Boa Morte traveled for two months to the former Soviet Union, representing Brazil as a member of a folkloric ballet called Karkará, an event that would significantly affect her life. As part of a similar desire to promote Brazilian culture overseas, she later traveled with the guitarist Nelson Gilles to familiarize herself with Buenos Aires, where she arrived in September 1971 There she fought ...


Eric Gardner

musician, educator, and activist, was born to free parents in Drummondtown, Accomack County, Virginia. His father died when Carter was about eight, and his mother, whose maiden name was probably Drummond, cared for Dennis. When one of his cousins, Henry Drummond, was bound out to an area slaveholder named Thomas R. Joynes because of his status as an orphan, Carter's mother began to fear that her son would also be enslaved should something happen to her. Determined that her son stay free, she moved with him to Philadelphia in about 1825. There Carter's musical talents flowered, in part under the tutelage of the famous black Philadelphia bandleader Francis Johnson.

Carter toured with Johnson's band sporadically during the 1830s, 1840s, and early 1850s, reportedly joining Johnson's 1837 trip to Great Britain and an 1851 trip to Sulphur Springs Virginia In addition to working as a musician Carter ...


Maria Lina Picconi

was born in the district of Comas in the city of Lima, Peru. His family was originally from Puerto Eten, in Lambayeque, a northern region of Peru. He began his artistic activities at the age of 13, studying dramatic arts and music. He created a group called Teatro de Ritmo (Theatre of Rhythm), which staged a theatrical series that advocated against discrimination and racism in Córdoba, while also affirming the presence of indigenous and Afro-American communities. In the 1990s, Esqueche moved to Argentina and has lived in Córdoba since 2003, where he has become an important advocate for Afro-American visibility.

In 2010, together with Alejandro Ludueña, Susana Juárez, and other Córdoba residents, Esqueche created the group Afrodescendientes de y en Córdoba (African Descendants from and in Córdoba). The following year, he presented his play Tubo de escape in Córdoba and the surrounding areas Based on ancestral African ...


Pamela Lee Gray

musician, activist, author, painter, and sculptor, was born Richard Pierce Havens in Brooklyn, New York, the oldest of nine children. He grew up in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood. His father, Richard Havens, worked as a metal plater and dreamed of becoming a professional pianist, eventually learning to play a number of instruments. Richie's mother Mildred a bookbinder and casual singer at home encouraged her young son when he started singing background vocals at the age of twelve for local groups All kinds of music were played in the Havens home Richie s grandmother listened to Yiddish gospel and big band music his mother enjoyed country music and his father loved jazz He joined the doo wop singing group the Five Chances at age fifteen and performed the next year with the Brooklyn McCrea Gospel Singers a group that sang hymns for neighborhood churches Havens ...


Sowande' Mustakeem

Undoubtedly one of the few professors of history to have a second career as a singer-songwriter, Bernice Johnson Reagon continues to focus her work on sharing the historical legacy of the African American experience amid the relentless quest for freedom and justice within America.

Reagon was born in Albany, Georgia, one of eight children of Jessie Johnson, a carpenter, and Beatrice Johnson, a housekeeper. On days off from her housekeeping job, Beatrice Johnson picked cotton. Jessie Johnson served onSundays as minister at four different rural Baptist churches. Reagon’s musical foundation was largely shaped by the influence of the southwestern Georgia choral tradition in her father’s church, which was part of a tradition dating back to the nineteenth century. Reagon entered Albany State College in 1959 where she studied Italian arias and German lieder as a contralto soloist During this time she became active in the civil ...


Kate Tuttle

Known as the songbird of Mali, Oumou Sangaré uses a mix of traditional and modern instruments, along with her powerful voice, to update Mali’s renowned Wassoulou sound. Based on music made by hunters, these old songs asked for protection and good fortune in the densely forested Wassoulou region. Sangaré, who says she sings “for the women,” retains much of the original sound—using guitar, kamelen ngoni (a small, harplike stringed instrument), and a variety of percussion instruments. To these she adds lyrics dealing with the status of women in a changing Africa.

“In Africa it’s still men who make all the decisions,” Sangaré says. “It’s time for women to be heard.” Accordingly, one song on her third album, Worotan (1997 describes the outcast status of childless women while others deal with domestic abuse and polygamy She feels very strongly about freedom of choice in marriage as her father ...


Jason Philip Miller

blues, folk, and gospel singer, was born Adell Hall Ward in Livingston, Alabama, one of four children of Agnes Hall, a homemaker, and Efron “Zully” Hall, a farm laborer. Little else is known about her upbringing. It is not known whether she had any formal education, but her youth was a musical one, with an emphasis on the gospel songs that were favorites of her mother and father. As a youth, Hall won a reputation among the congregation at Old Shiloh Baptist Church for her beautiful voice and she appears to have been known around Livingston as someone with exceptional musical talents.

Sometime in 1917 Hall married a coalminer named Nash Riddle The couple had a daughter but Riddle was killed sometime in the early twenties reportedly in a gunfight Suddenly alone and facing tough economic times Hall appears to have moved back in with ...