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Pablo Miguel Sierra Silva

was the renowned architect and leader of the Rosary confraternity (Catholic brotherhood, often organized along caste or ethnic lines) of Valladolid (modern-day Morelia, Mexico). Durán, alias Diego Joaquín Martínez Loera Durán, was born to an Afro-indigenous family that had already achieved some notoriety as his maternal grandfather Lucas Durán had worked as an architect on the Valladolid cathedral along with Francisco Antonio Roa. Diego Durán’s maternal uncle Juan Nepomuceno Durán continued the family’s specialization in architecture, working as a builder and, by 1734, as a “master of architecture.”

Durán s mother was María Nicolasa Durán an indigenous citizen of Valladolid and Esteban Martínez de Loera a free mulatto from Pénjamo At the time Valladolid was the most important urban center of the vast territory formerly controlled by the P urhépecha indigenous group of western Mexico The city s residents maintained a number of sugarcane plantations that employed numerous workers ...

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Imhotep  

Joyce Tyldesley

ancient Egyptian architect and administrator, lived during the earlier part of Egypt’s third dynasty (c. 2686–2613 BCE). A high-ranking courtier, he held numerous important positions; but he is best known today as the architect of Egypt’s first stone building, the Sakkara Step Pyramid, built for King Djoser (Netjerikhet). After death, Imhotep became one of the few nonroyal Egyptians to be worshipped as a nationally recognized god.

Imhotep built Djoser s mortuary complex in the Sakkara cemetery close to the city of white walls Memphis The complex included Egypt s first pyramid Imhotep s original design was for an unusual square solid stone structure with corners oriented to the flow of the Nile and the rising and setting of the sun This was then extended to form a two stepped structure cased in fine white limestone A third extension converted the square tomb to an oblong this then became the bottom ...

Article

Amy J. Buono

was born in 1677 and lived and worked in Recife, capital of the northeastern captaincy of Pernambuco, Brazil. The locations of Jacomé’s birth and death are unknown, as is his parentage; the oldest archival record to have emerged is his marriage to Páscoa Moreira in 1701 (Menezes, 2010, p. 389). Records from the period alternatively refer to him as “mulato” and “Portuguese,” and scholar José Neilton Pereira (2009) has attributed his surname to Italian ancestry. Historians consider Jacomé (sometimes spelled Jácome) as one of Pernambuco’s most important eighteenth-century architects. The so-called Pernambucan Baroque period of architecture, in which Jacomé worked, was characterized by the great contributions made by Afro-Brazilian artisans.

Jacomé trained under the Portuguese master mason and architect Antônio Fernandes Matos (1640–1701 one of the most significant figures to shape the urban space of seventeenth century Recife According to Pereira Jacomé acquired a ...

Article

Antônio Francisco Lisboa, better known by his nickname “Aleijadinho” (the Little Cripple), was born in Villa Rica do Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil, where he later distinguished himself as an artist during the baroque and rococo artistic periods. The Minas Gerais variant of the baroque and rococo styles is distinct; unlike the coastal states of Rio de Janeiro and Bahia, whose frequent contact with Portugal kept the art and architecture of those provinces in tune with European artistic developments, Minas Gerias's location in the interior largely insulated it from European influences. Minas Gerais was also a more recently settled province, and it had few convents or monasteries of the regular orders, which would have otherwise encouraged the duplication of European architectural designs.

During the colonial era in Latin America the church was the center of social life and the principal patron of the arts Virtually all of Aleijadinho ...

Article

Fredo Rivera

was born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on 26 March 1917 to an elite family. He was introduced to Haitian culture and history by his parents, Elisabeth Fernande Auguste and Edmond Mangonès, the latter a Haitian public servant, collector, and historian. Mangonès traveled to Belgium to attend the Académie Royale de Beaux Arts de Bruxelles and graduated from Cornell University in New York in 1942 with a degree in architecture, receiving the prestigious Sand Goldwin Medal. Afterward Mangònes returned to Haiti to begin a prolific career in architecture, while also becoming involved in Haiti’s fledging art scene through his close association with the Centre d’Art in Port-au-Prince.

Mangonès was the architect of various prominent buildings in mid-twentieth-century Port-au-Prince, including the Théâtre de Verdure (1946), the Cité Militaire (1956–1957), and the Régle du Tabac (1958 Inspired by modernist trends from abroad his geometric architecture would adapt to ...

Article

Mauricio Meléndez Obando

was born in Santiago de Guatemala, on 19 November 1677 and baptized in the parish church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios on 26 December that same year Santiago de Guatemala was an early Spanish community founded in the Panchoy Valley in the vicinity of present day Antigua Guatemala His parents were José de Porres also an architect and Teresa Ventura known as Teresa de Vargas Zapata y Luján An Afro mestizo Diego is listed as a mulatto free mulatto or mestizo His paternal grandparents were Pascuala de la Concepción an Afro mestiza and Juan de Porres Godínez de Porres a Spaniard His maternal grandparents were Dionisia Ventura de la Cruz a mestiza and possibly a Spanish gentleman with the surnames Vargas Zapata y Luján Thus thanks to his grandfathers the architect Porres was a member of families of great economic and political power in the Guatemalan society of ...