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Mason R. Hazzard

police officer, civil rights activist, and litigant, was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, to Cicero B. Booker Sr., the first African American police officer in the town of Waterbury, and Addie Booker, a homemaker.

Booker attended and graduated from the local public schools before going on to further his education, earning an associate's degree in Police Science and Administration from Mattatuck Community College, now known as Naugatuck Valley Community College, in Waterbury in 1978. He also attended Western Connecticut State University. In 1955, at the age of seventeen, Booker enrolled in the US Marine Corps as a private, remaining on active duty for three years until he left the military in 1958 at the rank of corporal.

Booker then joined the police department in his hometown of Waterbury in 1961. He quickly ascended to the rank of patrol officer, but by 1985 his ...

Article

Jamason Pestana

policeman and community leader, was born in Corapeake, Gates County, North Carolina to Emilie P. Benton, a homemaker, and John Zebedee Booker, a farmer. He was the third child in a family of seven and attended the local segregated schools in Gates County.

Booker moved to Connecticut in 1926, where he settled in Waterbury in New Haven County. There, in about 1934, he married Addie (maiden name unknown), a woman from South Carolina, and the couple had three children: Ann, Sally, and Cicero Jr. In 1943 Booker was appointed to the City of Waterbury supernumerary police force, an informal black citizen group. By 1946 a committee was formed in the African American community to recruit one of their own to the Waterbury police force. In January 1946 Booker was appointed to the police force as a patrolman He was the first African American police officer ...

Article

Cary D. Wintz

law enforcement officer, mayor, cabinet secretary, and professor. Lee Brown is best known as a high-profile law enforcement officer who held the position of chief of police or its equivalent in four major U.S. cities, served in President Bill Clinton's cabinet as drug czar, and was the first black mayor of Houston, Texas.

Lee Patrick Brown was born in Wewoka, Oklahoma, on 4 October 1937 to Andrew and Zelma Brown, who worked as farm laborers. When Brown was five the family moved to Fowler, California, about ten miles south of Fresno. As a child Brown often joined his parents in the fields, picking crops. But he also stayed in school, and he attended Fresno State University on a football scholarship, studying sociology and criminology.

In 1960 one semester before graduation Brown left college and took a job as a patrolman with the San Jose ...

Article

Juan Fandos-Rius

a gendarme police officer in the Central African Republic (CAR), born in about 1934 to Kaba Sara parents from the region of Paoua in the Ouham-Pendé region of what was then northern Ubangi-Shari, just south of its border with Chad. Soon after Ubangi-Shari became the Central Africa Republic (CAR) in the late 1950s, Izamo joined the nation's new national police force, the Gendarmerie Nationale, in which he was promoted to sergeant in 1960, captain on 1 January 1962, and chef d’escadron (major) on 1 December 1964. Izamo was appointed head of the Gendarmerie by President David Dacko on 6 March 1964, before he was promoted to major, and by 1965 he had became one of Dacko s closest advisers The Gendarmerie s mission included maintaining internal security and this made it more important for the president than the nation s army since the CAR s ...

Article

Caryn E. Neumann

a captain in the Missouri Highway Patrol who took over the command of police forces in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson during the 2014 riots over the police-related death of Michael Brown. One of three children born in St. Louis to a security officer at St. Louis University and Annie Johnson, a receiving clerk at a pharmaceutical company, Johnson grew up in Ferguson. As the only black children in a suburban school, Johnson and his siblings faced racial epithets and ostracism. He wanted to be a police officer from an early age. Johnson earned a degree in criminal justice from Florissant Valley Community College and has attended various police training programs over the years, including the FBI National Academy.

Johnson joined the Missouri Highway Patrol in 1987. His first assignment after graduating from the agency's Law Enforcement Academy was with Troop C. Promoted to corporal in 1995 ...

Article

Richard A. Bradshaw and Juan Fandos-Rius

policeman and politician in the Central African Republic (CAR), was born 11 October 1942 at Mbaiki in the Lobaye region of Ubangi-Shari in French Equatorial Africa (FEA). He studied agricultural engineering at the Institut d’études agronomiques d’Afrique centrale (Central African Institute of Agronomic Studies) at Wakombo in the CAR, then poultry production at the École nationale d’aviculture (national aviculture school) in Rambouillet, France. By 1966, when Lamine was finishing his studies in Paris, Jean-Bédel Bokassa had seized power in the CAR; the new president was from the same ethnic group, the Ngbaka, and the same Lobaye region as Lamine. This provided Lamine with an opportunity to pursue a potentially more rewarding career, and so rather than becoming an agricultural engineer and animal husbandry expert, Lamine joined the Central African police force on 12 July 1967 and was sent to study at the École nationale supérieure de police national ...

Article

Juan Fandos-Rius

Central African general of the Gendarmerie Nationale (national police force), was born on 22 December 1936 at Fort Sibut, in the Kémo Gribinguidépartement of the French colony of Ubangi-Shari. His father, Alphonse Lingoupou, was a Banda nurse, and his mother's name was Monique Imale Awa. At age nineteen Martin joined the French army and was sent to serve in Cameroon and Algeria. He then went to school at Puget-sur-Argens in southeastern France before attending the École de Formation des Officiers du Régime Transitoire des Troupes de Marine (an officer training school) from 1962 to 1964 at Fréjus, where his classmates included the future president of the Central African Republic (CAR) André Kolingba. After promotion to second lieutenant in the Central African army on 1 October 1964 Lingoupou attended the École des Officiers de Gendarmerie Nationale in Melun and studied at the Institut de Criminologie in Paris He ...

Article

Lane Demas

football player and actor. At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), from 1937 to 1939 Washington was the most celebrated college football player on the West Coast. He was also one of two African Americans to integrate the National Football League (NFL) in 1946.

Kenneth S. Washington was born in Los Angeles and played football at Abraham Lincoln High School. From 1937 to 1939 he played tailback at UCLA and rushed for 1,914 yards. In 1939 he led the team to its best season ever and a top-ten national ranking. At a time when prominent teams even outside the South were still unwilling to accept any black athletes, Washington played with four other African American students, including Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson and Woody Strode.

Washington and his black teammates achieved immense popularity on the West Coast and earned national recognition Los Angeles citizens overwhelmingly supported the ...

Article

Charles Rosenberg

the first person of African descent to join the Baltimore police force, often known as “Lady Law,” was born in Washington, DC, the oldest child of Rev. Daniel Grafton Hill, a Methodist minister, and Margaret Mary Phoebe Peck Hill. There is some uncertainty about her precise birthdate, which is sometimes given as 1890 or 1898. Her next youngest sister, Esther, was also born in Washington, and their younger siblings, Daniel, Grace, Joseph, Ida, Henry, Lee, Richard, Hunter, and William, were all born in Baltimore, where their father was transferred to be pastor of the city's Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church. A maternal grandfather, Rev. Frances Jesse Peck, had earlier been pastor at Bethel, and the Peck family had been “free colored” residents of the state since well before 1820.

In Baltimore Violet Hill graduated from Frederick Douglass High School then earned a bachelor s degree ...