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Patricia Glinton-Meicholas

was born in Nassau, Bahamas, on 15 August 1928 to Alfred Francis Adderley (A. F.), a prominent attorney and politician, and his wife Ethel (née Lunn). Paul’s elder brother Francis Ethelbert (1926–1996) became a physician. The family’s founder was a man named Alliday, a West African Yoruba, whom the British Navy had liberated from a slave ship, and brought to The Bahamas circa 1838. At his death in 1885, Alliday was a man of considerable property and social standing.

A F and Paul Adderley are widely regarded as two of the most accomplished Bahamians of the twentieth century and the son s education career civic pursuits and achievements mirrored his father s in many ways but exceeded them in others Paul received his primary and secondary education at the private Mrs Maude Wright s School and the Government High School At St Catharine s College University ...

Article

Carl Campbell

was born in Brandon Hill, St. Andrew parish, Jamaica, on 17 April 1905. His father was David Allen. He attended elementary school from 1912 to 1924, suggesting that he stayed on to become a pupil teacher, possibly to take the certificate examinations, the gateway to teacher training. The first major turning point in his life occurred when he entered the prestigious Mico Training College in 1925. This college was founded in 1836 and had continuously been the island s premier teacher training institution Its entrance exam was highly selective fortunately for Allen he entered at a time when a new principal had just controversially raised the standard of work intending to give graduates a pre university experience Mico taught or encouraged students to take subjects beyond the scope of elementary school including those studied in the pursuit of an intermediate degree at the University of London ...

Article

Nadia Ali

was born on 13 March 1954 in Wakenaam, Guyana, the eldest of three children of teachers Michael and Dolly Amos. She had a sister, Colleen, and a brother, Michael. In 1963 the family became part of the significant post–World War II migration of Afro-Caribbean people from the British West Indies to Britain in the hope of a better life.

The family settled in Kent where as a minority Valerie experienced racial discrimination firsthand Undeterred she let it stimulate her keen sense of world politics equality and social justice and give birth to her mantra obstacles are for climbing over She and her sister were fortunate to attend the prestigious Townley Grammar School for girls in Bexleyheath Kent Colleen recalls that Valerie never boasted about her triumphs even when she received top marks in school and it was this intellect that saw Valerie become the first black exemplary class representative By ...

Article

Arturo Victoriano

was born on 5 April 1961 in Río San Juan, Dominican Republic. She graduated cum laude in 1988 with a doctorate in law from the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD), after which she pursued post-graduate studies in political science at UASD (its Santiago campus), graduating with a Post-Grado en Ciencias Políticas (equivalent to a one-year master’s degree) in 1994. She became a specialist in alternative conflict resolution. She is a former practicing attorney with an extended practice in the firms of Bonilla-Hernández (1989–1990), Centro Bonilla-Estrella (1990–1995), and Oficina Jurídica Díaz-Bonilla (1992–2002), serving various areas of the law, as is customary in the Dominican Republic. A longstanding member of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD), she entered politics, becoming elected to the lower house of Congress (Chamber of Deputies) for the province of Santiago during the periods 1994–1998, 1998–2002 and ...

Article

was born on 16 September 1916 in St. Paul’s Village, St. Kitts, to domestic worker Mary Jane Francis, and blacksmith and laborer William Bradshaw. His interaction with trade unions began at an early age. His grandmother often sent him to pay her union dues to her union representative, one Gabriel Douglas, on his way to school. Like many boys in his community, Bradshaw worked on the neighboring sugar estate after completing his education. At the age of 16, he was apprenticed to the foreman in the machine shop at the St. Kitts-Bassetere Sugar Company. He joined the St. Kitts Workers League on the recommendation of his boss in the machine shop. In 1935 another boy pushed Bradshaw and his right hand went through a glass window during the altercation severing all the tendons After he recovered Bradshaw was promoted to the office of the machine shop This accident changed ...

Article

David Simonelli

was born 17 May 1924 at Victoria Jubilee Hospital in Kingston, Jamaica, to Leonora Melbourne (?–1981). Brown would have contact with his birth father later in life, but they established no meaningful relationship. Brown grew up an only child with his mother on Upper Oxford Street, a poor and dangerous section of Kingston. His mother eventually married Vincent Hendricks, a house painter, and the small family moved to Church Street, a few blocks closer to the central Kingston district, where Brown would make his name as a politician. There, his mother ran a small grocery store to supplement the family income during the depression of the 1930s. Young Ralph attended Congregational School and went sporadically to Kingston Senior School, but the family could not afford to educate him through high school. His lack of education would later bother him as he became a more public figure.

As a ...

Article

Patrick E. Bryan

was born on 31 August 1936 to James Charles a farmer and Merita née Lawrence in Macedonia in the parish of St Ann Jamaica He received his early education at the Lime Tree Garden Elementary School and at the West Indies College now the Northern Caribbean University He received his tertiary education at Brooklyn Community College and City College of the University of New York where he completed a bachelor s degree in political science While in New York Charles served as president of the West Indian Students Association He also joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People as a result of his commitment to racial justice and his admiration for the African American leadership in the United States notably Rev Martin Luther King Jr Stokely Carmichael and Malcolm X Through the West Indian Students Association he met a number of Caribbean and Jamaican political leaders ...

Article

Agnes Leslie

first Botswana female to serve as a cabinet minister and member of parliament in Botswana, was born in Serowe, when Botswana was called the Bechuanaland Protectorate. She was the daughter of Moruti Tibe Chiepe and S. T. Chiepe (née Sebina). Her father died when she started primary school. Her father’s cousins wanted her to leave school and get married, but her mother insisted that she stay in school. Chiepe attributes her success to her mother’s determination to see her educated. She attended Serowe primary school near her home, finishing in the late 1930s with high honors She was the best student in the country and was offered a scholarship to study at Tiger Kloof Post Secondary School near Vryburg in the Cape Colony South Africa Chiepe was one of the first girls to attend the school which was three hours from her home The scholarship lessened the financial pressure ...

Article

Ruramisai Charumbira

Zimbabwean educator, political activist, member of parliament, cabinet minister, and the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) politburo member, was born Victoria Fikile Mahamba-Sithole on 27 March 1928 in Natal South Africa, to an immigrant family from Manicaland, from then Southern Rhodesia. Young Victoria grew up in South Africa and got her secondary education from Adams College, Amanzimtoti, Natal, one of South Africa’s oldest secondary schools for black education. While at Adams College she met another student who would go on be her husband, an illustrious Zimbabwe (then Southern Rhodesian) nationalist named Herbert Wiltshire Tapfumanei Chitepo. Victoria Chitepo also earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of Birmingham, England, and became a teacher and political activist in Natal until about 1955 when she joined her husband in Southern Rhodesia where he had just become the first African barrister From that time on Victoria s life like many wives of ...

Article

Patricia Glinton-Meicholas

was born in 1922 to Charles Darling, an Acklins, Bahamas, fisherman and farmer, who took cyclical work in Panama. Termed “The Bahamas Nazareth” by Sir Arthur Foulkes (eighth Bahamian governor-general of The Bahamas), Acklins was one of the chronically depressed southern islands of the Bahamas archipelago, which forced its people to migrate to Nassau, the capital, or elsewhere in search of work. Charles married Aremilia Johnson, and Clifford, the seventh of their eleven children, was born on 6 February 1922 in Chester’s, Acklins.

Darling’s limited formal education began at Chester’s all-age school and continued at public schools in New Providence. Quietly ambitious, he seized opportunities for learning whenever they appeared. That he was intelligent was evidenced by his appointment as school monitor (pupil teacher) at age 14. His six shillings per month wage was a boon to his family following his father’s death in 1933.

In 1938 Darling ...

Article

James Kilgore

Zimbabwean freedom fighter and politician, grew up in a politically minded family. Her father, a bricklayer, was frequently detained by the white minority government, and Dongo recalled visiting him in prison when she was just seven years old. At fifteen she left secondary school and walked two hundred miles to Mozambique to join the freedom fighters of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU, later ZANU-PF, for “Patriotic Front”). ZANU was conducting a liberation war against the colonial regime led by Ian Smith, leader of Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe). Dongo trained as a medical assistant. She took the Chimurenga (“liberation war”) name of “Tichaona Muhondo” (“We shall see on the battlefield”).

At independence in 1980 she returned to Zimbabwe, completed a typing course, and worked as the Secretary for Women’s Affairs in the national headquarters of ZANU-PF in Harare. In 1983 she took a position in the Ministry of State Security ...

Article

Patricia Glinton-Meicholas

was born Alfred Étienne Jerome Dupuch on 16 February 1899 in Nassau, The Bahamas. He was the third child of Leon Dupuch, a single-term member of the House of Assembly, and his wife Harriet, who died in 1909. In 1911 Leon married Ethelinda Pyfrom and another child, Eugene, joined Gilbert, Naomi, Etienne, and Evelyn.

It is important at the outset to examine Dupuch’s attitude toward race as a significant root of his social and political preoccupations. As he often pointed out, Dupuch’s great-grandfather Elias Dupuch was a white Frenchman who had migrated to The Bahamas in 1840 Photographs of two of Elias s sons including Gilbert Leon Dupuch s father suggest a mother of African descent as was Étienne s mother In Dupuch s books his paternal great grandmother and grandmother are not named or referenced Although he spoke lovingly of his mother he ignored her background It ...

Article

Leyla Keough

Bernie Grant was a controversial parliamentarian, more at home with grassroots organization and black radicalism than with establishment politics in the House of Commons. Described as “a leader walking the rope between street heroism and government office,” Grant defended his black constituents and articulated their views.

Grant grew up in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana, where he attended a Jesuit school. In 1963 he and his parents, Eric and Lily Grant, moved to Great Britain, where Bernie attended Tottenham Technical College and then studied mining engineering at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh. He left the university because of racist policies that refused to admit blacks into a program of study in mining in South Africa. He worked as a railway clerk and a postal employee until he became a trade union official.

During the 1970s Grant led a campaign against the National Front a white supremacist organization active ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

first woman elected to Chad’s parliament, was born in the southern Chadian town of Sarh. Her mother was Kabo Koutou Kilagui and her father was Zara Lawassi. Both were Muslims, and she grew up in the southern Chadian province of Baguirmi. Both her parents were Sara, although they belonged to different clans. Lawassi had worked for the state telecommunications and postal service in the 1920s and early 1930s, but he never had a chance to know his daughter. He died only forty days after she was born.

Her mother brought Louise to the capital of N Djamena so that she could receive a Western education Kilagui worked as a trader and regularly traveled around southern Chad as well as the French colony of Ubangi Shari modern Central African Republic When some Muslims criticized Kabo s mother for placing her child in a French school Kilagui declared that she had already ...

Article

Sean Jacobs

South African parliamentarian and guerrilla fighter for the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC), was born on 6 July 1963 in a Coloured section of a government hospital in Durban, a port city on South Africa’s northeast coast. McBride has two sisters. His parents, Derrick and Doris McBride, were both schoolteachers. Doris’s father, Colin Campbell van Niekerk, was an Afrikaner, and her mother Grace the daughter of a Zulu-speaking mother and a Coloured father. Robert McBride grew up in Wentworth, a Coloured township in Durban next to an industrial area and a toxic oil refinery. At his trial in 1987 it also emerged that McBride was related to Major John MacBride, an Irish Republican major who had fought on the side of Afrikaners against the British in the Anglo-Boer War.

McBride was politicized at an early age by his father who introduced him to the history of Coloured ...

Article

Hassoum Ceesay

Gambia’s first woman cabinet minister and first female education officer, was born on 23 January 1922 in Banjul. She is also known as “Aunty Lou.” Her father, Sir John Mahoney, was the first speaker of the Gambian Legislative Council in 1954, and her mother Hannah was the first Gambian woman to work as a clerk in the Government Secretariat in the 1910s.

She attended the St. Joseph’s Infants School, the Methodists Girls High School, Banjul, and obtained the Cambridge School Certificate in 1942. She attended the prestigious Achimota Teachers College in Accra, Ghana, from 1942–1945. Upon her return, she taught at the Methodist Girls’ High School from 1942 to 1949; from 1949 to 1955, she taught at Bakau Primary School. She was school headmistress from 1957 to 1963. In 1958 she was appointed to the Royal Visit Committee responsible for the welcome of Queen Elizabeth ...

Article

Myles Osborne

Kenyan anticolonial activist and politician, was born in Kiima Kimwe near Machakos Township, Kenya, on 18 October 1923. His grandfather was the famous prophet Masaku, after whom Machakos was named. When Ngei was a boy, his family moved to Mbilini in Kangundo, where he first attended school. His education continued at Machakos Boys Primary School before he transferred to the prestigious Alliance High School in Kiambu in 1937. At the age of sixteen, before the completion of his studies, he left Alliance to join the King’s African Rifles (KAR). His five-and-a-half years of service took place during World War II, in which he served in the Abyssinia and Burma campaigns. In the KAR, Ngei received several decorations as well as an “exemplary” certificate when discharged in 1946.

On his return to Kenya Ngei received a scholarship to study at Makerere College in Uganda East Africa s premier ...

Article

Aili Tripp

, Kenyan politician, was born on 1 January 1952 in Mbooni, Makueni District, of Kamba lineage. She obtained management and secretarial training at Government Secretarial College, Kianda College, and the Kenya Institute of Administration for Business. She first worked as a secretary and eventually became a successful plastics and bakery businesswoman. Prior to going into politics, Ngilu had held the position of managing director of a food manufacturing company. She was elected a Member of Parliament for Kitui Central in 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2007.

In 1997 Ngilu became the first woman in Kenya to run for president Later in the race environmentalist and Nobel Laureate Wangari Maathai also announced her candidacy making her the second woman to join the presidential race During the race Ngilu earned the nickname Mama Masaa a term that plays on her party s symbol the clock suggesting that she is ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

Congolese religious leader and politician, was born into a Kikongo-speaking family in the late 1940s. In 1969 while studying chemistry at the University of Lovanium in Kinshasa Zaire present day Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC Nsemi claimed he heard God speak to him He had decided to fast for a month to prepare himself for an encounter with spiritual forces in order to find a way to rescue people of African descent from oppression and misery God said to the young student In order to give a new revelation to Africa for a new time I sent the Kikongo speaking religious leader Simon Kimbangu However he did not finish his mission You are the one I choose to perfect Kimbangu s work because it has left the correct path The Kongo religion will be the soul of the Black African renaissance Nsemi who claimed to never have had ...

Article

Kim Miller

South African antiapartheid activist and organizer, was born Dorothy Nomzansi Nyembe in the rural area of KwaZulu-Natal. Her mother, Leeya Basolise Nyembe, was the daughter of Chief Ngedee Shezi. Dorothy Nyembe attended mission schools through the ninth grade and gave birth to her only child at the age of fifteen.

In 1952 Nyembe joined the African National Congress (ANC). In 1954 she was instrumental in establishing the ANC Women’s League (ANCWL), and in 1959 she was elected president of the ANCWL branch in Natal. She was also a leading member of the Federation of South African Women (FSAW).

Dorothy Nyembe worked tirelessly as an activist for both the ANCWL and the FSAW and took on leadership roles in regards to a number of issues She was the chairperson of the Two Sticks Branch Committee she was a key figure opposing forced removals from Cato Manor in 1956 and she led ...