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Kristal Brent Zook

journalist and historian of the early West, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the eldest of five children of Daniel Beasley, an engineer, and Margaret (Heines) Beasley, a homemaker. Although little is known about her childhood, at the age of twelve Beasley published her first writings in the black-owned newspaper, the Cleveland Gazette. By the time she was fifteen she was working as a columnist for the Cincinnati Enquirer, becoming the first African American woman to write for a mainstream newspaper on a regular basis.

Beasley lost both parents as a teenager and was forced to take a full-time job working as a domestic laborer for the family of a white judge named Hagan. Her career then took several unusual turns as Beasley, who was described by biographer Lorraine Crouchett as short well proportioned and speaking in a shrill light voice perhaps because of a chronic hearing ...

Article

Olivia A. Scriven

feminist scholar, historian, physicist, engineer, and advocate for minorities and women in science, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the oldest of two girls of William Emmett Hammonds, a postal worker, and Evelyn Marie Hammonds, a reading specialist and elementary school teacher. At age nine, Hammonds's father gave his daughter a chemistry set. For Hammonds, the chemistry set, along with later gifts of a microscope, and building sets, sparked an interest in science that would be encouraged by both parents. The events also set her on a path that would force her to think more critically about her own identity and the struggles and contributions of blacks and women in science.

Growing up in Atlanta, Hammonds attended all-black public elementary schools. This would change in 1967 when as a fourteen year old ninth grade student she was bused to a predominately white school ...

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Jeremy Rich

was born in Obosi, a city in the southeast province of Anambra State, Nigeria. Her father, D. K. Onwenu, was a prominent teacher in the city, who with her mother instilled in Onwenu a firm respect for formal education. Not much is available regarding Onwenu’s childhood, but she graduated from primary and secondary schools. Onwenu then moved to the United States, where she attended Wellesley College near Boston, Massachusetts, and received an undergraduate degree in international relations. Eventually, Onwenu also received a master’s degree in media studies from the New School for Social Research in New York City. Rather than return to Nigeria, Onwenu went to work for the United Nations in 1977.

In 1981 Onwenu returned to Nigeria and fulfilled her national service duties by working at the Nigerian Television Authority Nothing in her early life other than a love for singing suggested Onwenu would become a ...

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Patricia E. Green

author, editor, historian, musician, and advocate for interracial, intercultural, and international understanding, was the youngest of nine children born to the Reverend Isaac George Bailey and Susie E. (Ford) Bailey, of Pine Bluff, Arkansas. The Reverend Bailey founded a college preparatory academy for black students in Dermott, Arkansas, and had affiliations with the Arkansas Baptist Convention and the National Negro Business League. Susie E. Bailey was president of the Southeast District Baptist Women's Association and was active in women's clubs. Their daughter, Sue, graduated from Spelman Seminary in 1920 and in 1926 became the first black student to receive a bachelor of science degree in Music from Oberlin Conservatory.

Bailey joined the music department at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia, following graduation. In 1928 she moved to Harlem and assumed the role of the YWCA s national secretary for Colleges of the South ...