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Zachery R. Williams

journalist, civil rights lawyer, and political organizer. John P. Davis was born in Washington, D.C., the son of William Henry Davis and Julia Davis. He grew up among Washington's New Negroes and was strongly drawn to the Harlem Renaissance. Davis served a brief stint as the editorial replacement of W. E. B. Du Bois with The Crisis magazine. Along with noted contemporaries such as Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Bennett, Wallace Thurman, Aaron Douglas, and Richard Bruce Nugent, Davis participated in the publication of Fire!!, a single-issue Harlem Renaissance literary magazine geared toward the emerging young Negro artist. Davis became a major spokesman for civil rights and interracial working-class alliances during the 1930s and 1940s.

From 1926 to 1927 Davis attended Harvard University on a fellowship and earned a master s degree in journalism He then went ...

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Charles Rosenberg

lawyer, journalist, director of the National Negro Congress, publisher of Our World magazine, was born in Washington, DC, the son of Dr. William Henry Davis and Julia Hubbard Davis, who had moved to the capital in 1899 from Louisville, Kentucky. The elder Davis worked in several occupations; in addition to obtaining a doctorate of Pharmacology from Howard University, he developed a successful business school, became official stenographer for the National Negro Business League, and during World War I served as special assistant to Dr. Emmett Scott, special assistant to the United States secretary of war.

In 1922 the younger Davis graduated from Dunbar High School, in Washington, DC, and entered Bates College in Lewiston, Maine. He was selected as editor-in-chief of the campus newspaper The Bates Student in 1925 served as president of the debating fraternity Delta Sigma Rho and represented Bates in an international debate with ...

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Raymond Pierre Hylton

legislator, pastor, and civil rights activist, was born in Washington, D.C., the son of William Thomas Fauntroy and Ethel Vines Fauntroy. His father worked in the U.S. Patent Office. Upon graduating from Dunbar High School in 1952, Fauntroy entered Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. While there he received strong support and encouragement from his pastor, the Reverend Charles David Foster, and he graduated from Virginia Union in 1955 with a BA in History. He received a scholarship to attend Yale University Divinity School, where he earned a bachelor of divinity degree in 1958. In 1959 when his longtime mentor the Reverend Foster died, Fauntroy was named to succeed him as pastor at New Bethel Baptist Church. He married Dorothy Simms on August 3, 1957, and the couple had a son, Marvin Keith, and a daughter, Melissa Alice.

During his ...

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Thomas E. Carney

civil rights leader and lobbyist. Clarence Maurice Mitchell Jr. was born in the Pennsylvania Avenue neighborhood of Baltimore, Maryland. His father, Clarence Sr., was a waiter, and his mother, Elsie Davis, was a homemaker; his younger brother Parren became a U.S. congressman from Maryland from 1971 to 1987. Clarence attended Frederick Douglass High School before going in 1928 to Lincoln University, near Oxford, Pennsylvania. He received his bachelor's degree in 1932 and returned to Baltimore, where he joined the local NAACP chapter and the citywide Young People's Forum. The forum, which was founded by Juanita Jackson, worked to advance the employment of African Americans during the Great Depression. Clarence and Juanita—who was the first African American woman admitted to the bar in Maryland—were subsequently married in 1938.

The young Mitchell began his career as a reporter for the Baltimore Afro-American This work brought him ...

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Denton L. Watson

Mitchell, Clarence Maurice, Jr. (08 March 1911–18 March 1984), civil rights lobbyist, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Clarence Maurice Mitchell, a waiter, and Elsie Davis. He attended St. Katherine’s Episcopal Church and later became a member of the Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Church. From Douglass High School in Baltimore, he entered Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in 1928 and was graduated in 1932 with a B.A. In 1938 Mitchell married Juanita Elizabeth Jackson, daughter of Keiffer Bowen Jackson and Lillie May Jackson of Baltimore; they had four children. President of the Baltimore branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and Maryland State Conference of NAACP Branches, Lillie Jackson spearheaded the freedom movement in the state and became a celebrated historical figure.

From 1933 to 1936 Mitchell was a reporter for the Baltimore Afro American He left for a year ...

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Less visible than many of his NAACP colleagues, Clarence Mitchell nonetheless had a major impact on the lives of African Americans. Known as the 101st senator, the longtime NAACP lobbyist was instrumental in the passage of both the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the two most significant successes of the Civil Rights Movement. Mitchell was a 1932 graduate of Lincoln University in Pennsylvania and the husband of Juanita Jackson Mitchell, an NAACP official. He joined the NAACP staff following his work with the National Urban League and the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC).

The FEPC was formed in 1941 to eliminate employment discrimination and was dissolved in 1946. While acting as the NAACP's labor secretary, Mitchell continued to fight for economic fair play, founding the National Council for a Permanent FEPC in 1949 and participating the following year ...

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Denton L. Watson

civil rights lobbyist, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Clarence Maurice Mitchell, a waiter, and Elsie Davis. He attended St. Katherine's Episcopal Church and later became a member of the Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Church. From Douglass High School in Baltimore, he entered Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in 1928 and graduated in 1932 with a BA. In 1938 Mitchell married Juanita Elizabeth Jackson, daughter of Keiffer Bowen Jackson and Lillie Mae Jackson of Baltimore; they had four children. President of the Baltimore branch of the due NAACP and the Maryland State Conference of NAACP Branches, Lillie Jackson spearheaded the freedom movement in the state and became a celebrated historical figure.From 1933 to 1936 Mitchell was a reporter for the Baltimore Afro American He left for a year of graduate study at the Atlanta School of Social Work as a National Urban League ...