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Kenneth Mack

to Eric H. Holder, Sr., a Realtor who emigrated from Barbados, and Miriam Holder (formerly Miriam Rosalie Yearwood), an Episcopal Church secretary, who was a New Jersey native of Barbadian ancestry. Eric Himpton Holder, Jr. grew up in a black middle class enclave in East Elmhurst, Queens. His life took a significant turn when his test scores earned him a place as one of the few black students admitted to Stuyvesant High School, where he played basketball before attending Columbia College (B.A., American History, 1973), and Columbia Law School (J.D., 1976). The tall (six feet, three inches) and popular Holder, called “Ricky” in his youth, entered Columbia at a turbulent time in its history, and participated in a black student takeover of the school’s former ROTC office, as well as a program to mentor poor Harlem children on the weekends.

Upon graduation from law school Holder began his ...

Article

Samuel Brenner

lawyer, U.S. attorney general, U.S. senator, civil rights advocate, and presidential candidate. Robert Francis “Bobby” Kennedy, the energetic and enthusiastic younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and the older brother of longtime Massachusetts Senator Edward “Ted” Kennedy, was a civil servant who, although he had complicated and difficult relationships with several important African American leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., became increasingly liberal and devoted to the cause of civil rights after serving as attorney general in the 1960s.

Kennedy, born in Brookline, Massachusetts, was the seventh child of Joseph P. and Rose Kennedy. Joseph Kennedy, who harbored enormous ambitions for his family, was a controversial figure accused of being—while serving from 1938 to 1940 as U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom—an anti-Semite interested in appeasing Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany Having attended several private boarding schools Robert Kennedy served in the U S Navy ...