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M. W. Daly

Turco-Egyptian soldier and administrator, served in the Sudan as governor during the 1820s–1830s and adopted policies that largely set the course for the entire colonial period. Following Muhammad ʿAli’s conquest of Sinnar and Kordofan in 1820–1821, Egypt’s African empire expanded gradually over a period of sixty years. The exploitive motives of that expansion, and failure ever to extract the quantities of gold, ivory, and slaves that comprised its principal object, were reflected in attempts to administer the territories. The appointment of ʿAli Khurshid was a watershed in this process. His long period of loyal service was marked by pragmatism, a liberal and enlightened outlook, and energetic interest in developing the country.

In 1826 following military service in Greece ʿAli Khurshid was named governor of Sinnar a much larger territory of uncertain southern and eastern borders than the future province of the same name Much of the northern Sudan ...

Article

Hassoum Ceesay

religious leader, diplomat, cabinet minister, educationist, and ardent nationalist, also known as J. C. or Reverend Faye, was born in Bathurst (present-day Banjul, Gambia) to Wolof and Serer parents. His father was a shipwright and his mother a housewife. Faye attended St. Mary’s Elementary School and the Methodist Boys High School in Banjul, where he completed his studies in 1926. He got his teachers’ certificate in 1927. From 1927 to 1942, he taught at various mission schools in Bathurst, the capital and main administrative center of the British colony of Gambia.

In 1942 Faye helped start the famous Kristikunda School in Kantora in the Upper River Division of Gambia opening the gates of education to the people living in the Gambian interior which the British ruled as a protectorate The school whose name in the local Fula language means Christ s home was a bold experiment in ...

Article

Trevor Hall

to Portugal by the African king of Biziguiche, an animist Serer kingdom now part of Senegal. Nothing is known about his family; however, most African ambassadors in Portugal were relatives of West African kings. His Portuguese name shows he had converted to Christianity and he was known as Dom Francisco, a title bestowed on him as a Portuguese nobleman. He was renowned as one of only a few West Africans who served as ambassadors in Portugal, where he lived with the same privileges as a Portuguese nobleman.

Another noted recognition of his favored position occurred 22 August 1515 when King Manuel I r 1495 1521 of Portugal gave Ambassador Dom Francisco a suit of expensive clothes The Portuguese king gave the ambassador a cape trousers a short camel skin jacket two shirts made of fine cotton and a red barrette The royal gift is the only known documentation that ...

Article

colonial governor, was born on 4 February 1866 in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France. His father, Joseph William Merlaud-Ponty, was a consular judge and communications officer in the French port of Rochefort. Merlaud-Ponty's mother was Marguerite Merlaud-Ponty (née Sonolet). He appears to have been the only child of his parents, although his father later remarried and had a daughter with his second wife. Not much is available about Merlaud-Ponty's early life. His parents were Catholic, but Merlaud-Ponty later rejected Christianity and became a Freemason. When he was dying in 1915 Merlaud Ponty rejected the sacrament of extreme unction and refused to have his secular marriage recognized by a priest When Catholic missionaries then refused to hold a religious funeral his family pleaded in vain to change the missionaries decision Merlaud Ponty who was nearly always referred to as William Ponty as an adult completed his primary and secondary education passed his ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

African American activist and an administrator in Liberia, was born in Port Antonio, Jamaica, on 1 October 1799. His father was an American businessman of German descent who had worked in Port Antonio. Russwurm’s mother was an African-descended slave about whom there are no records. Some accounts claim Russwurm was the product of rape, while others asserted that Russwurm’s mother was a house servant of his father. It is also unclear if Russwurm was immediately freed by his father or if he was a slave during his childhood.

Russwurm seems to have received a primary school education until he moved to Quebec, Canada, around 1807. By 1812 Russwurm and his father had moved from Canada to Portland Maine There Russwurm s father married a widow named Susan Blanchard Russwurm developed a very close relationship with his stepmother and she insisted that his father name him John Brown ...