university professor and Imam, was born in 1885 in Abu Gerg village in Minya, Upper Egypt, to a wealthy and prestigious family. His father, Hassan Abdul Razik Pasha, was a prominent politician, and his mother, Khadooja Abdul Salam Al Shureiy, descended from a famous family in Upper Egypt. He studied at Al-Azhar under Sheikh Muhammad Abdou, who deeply influenced his ideologies. After obtaining his Alamyya certificate in 1908, he traveled to France to complete his studies at the Sorbonne University and then the University of Lyon. Upon receiving his doctorate, he settled in Lyon to teach the Arabic language and Islamic Law. World War I put an end to his stay in France. By the end of 1914 he returned to Egypt, where he worked as an employee at Al-Azhar and then a judge in the Islamic courts. Upon his appointment in 1927 as an associate professor at ...
religious teacher and expert in Islamic law in Timbuktu, was born 26 October 1556 in the village of Araouane, a few days north of Timbuktu by camel caravan. His full name was Abu al-Abbas Ahmad Baba ibn Ahmad ibn Ahmad ibn ʿUmar ibn Muhammad Aqit al-Sinhaji, al-Tinbukti. His father was Ahmad (1522–1583), his grandfather al hajj Ahmad (1458–1535), and his great grandfather Umar, the son of Muhammad Aqit, the celebrated patriarch of the Masufa Tuareg clan of Aqit (one of the most powerful families of Timbuktu).
Ahmad Baba was raised in Timbuktu, where he studied the hadith and Islamic law with his father and other Aqit family members. His most influential teacher was the famous scholar and historical figure Mahmud Bagayogo, author of numerous qurʾanic commentaries, whose acts of courage are recorded in al hajj Mahmud Kati’s Tarikh al fattash Prior to the Moroccan invasion ...
Gabonese intellectual and catechist (one who instructs potential Christians before their admission to the Church), was born in the Glass neighborhood of Libreville, the capital of Gabon, a territory acquired by France in 1885. Sonie Harrington, her father, was a prominent trader who belonged to the coastal Omyènè-speaking Mpongwe ethnic group, which had occupied the Gabon Estuary region for centuries. Her mother, who also belonged to a Mpongwe clan, died when Anyentyuwe was very young. Since Harrington traveled to central Gabon on a regular basis to represent different European trading firms, he placed his young daughters Ayentyuwe and Azize with the American-run Protestant mission school of Baraka. This school had been founded in the 1840s to educate Mpongwe girls and boys.
Anyentyuwe represented to many American Presbyterian missionaries a rare hope Most female graduates of mission schools entered into romantic and sexual relationships with visiting European and West ...
was born in the pacifist Nri territory of Igboland in present-day Nigeria. The name of his farmer father, Duru, signifies someone of elite status. His mother, Derenneya, (whose name meant “stay with mother”) was the daughter of a socially prominent father. Archibald’s Igbo name was Aniaso (meaning “what the Earth goddess forbids”). The child of important parents, he was to have received ichi, painful facial scarifications, in a puberty rite, but this expectation was thwarted by his abduction from home. Between 1800 and 1802 when he was about 10 years old he was kidnapped when a houseguest lured him into visiting a large market probably at Lake Oguta that is fed by the River Ulasi Orashi itself a tributary of the River Niger There his guide negotiated with a buyer Aniaso was seized put into a boat bound because he loudly protested and taken out to a large ...
Anthony A. Lee
Enoch Olinga was born into a family of Christian (Anglican) converts among the Teso people in Uganda. His father was a catechist and missionary for the church, and he was educated in missionary schools. During World War II, he joined the British Army Education Corps and served in the East African King’s Rifles Corps in South Asia: Burma, East Pakistan, Ceylon, and India. When he returned to Uganda in 1946, he was employed by the colonial Department of Public Relations and Welfare as a translator, eventually moving to Kampala. He produced two books in his own language, Ateso.
In 1951, fired from his job because of heavy drinking, Olinga began to study the Baha’i faith, recently introduced into Uganda by Ali and Violette Nakhjavani, a Baha’i couple from Iran. In February 1952 Olinga converted to the Baha i religion Almost immediately he returned to his home village ...
Jon F. Sensbach
Protestant missionary of mixed African and European parentage, was born in or near the Danish slave-trading fort of Christiansborg (present-day Accra, Ghana) on the Gold Coast. Little is known about his father, a Danish soldier stationed at the fort. His Ga mother was the daughter of Ofori, the king of Anecho, or Little Popo, a Ga kingdom some one hundred miles east on the Bight of Benin. Protten’s early upbringing reflected his bicultural heritage. Even as he grew up speaking Ga and Fante, two important languages widely used in commercial transactions along the coast, he attended a school for mixed-race children at Christiansborg taught by Danish Lutheran minister Elias Svane, learning Danish and receiving instruction in Christianity. Such multilingualism was not uncommon for Gold Coast residents, both African and European. In 1727 Svane left Christiansborg for Denmark taking eleven year old Protten and another mixed race student Frederick Pedersen ...
Franciscan friar known as “el Padre Negro,” was born Juan de Dios Sierra y Velásquez, in Robledo, near Medellín, Colombia, to a very devout and prosperous family. His parents expected Crisógono to dedicate his career to managing the family haciendas. He was the only member of his family to be born with dark skin, and family lore linked his appearance to that of a great-great-grandfather who was believed to have been of African descent. Although he initially studied law, Sierra attempted to enter the Franciscan order, only to be rejected for his age (he was 27 at the time). He returned to school to study medicine and engineering before trying to enter the order once again.
On his second attempt he was admitted to the Franciscan order by Juan José de Cock the general commissioner of the Belgian Franciscans in Chile who was on a canonical visit to Colombia Thus ...
was born into a family of modest farmworkers who resided in the Nassau Valley of St. Elizabeth Parish, Jamaica. His mother, Emma Elizabeth White, reputedly was a Moravian. George White would become the preeminent leader of Unitarian or “Oneness” Pentecostalism in Jamaica prior to World War II. His departure from the movement in 1937 came in the context of racial tensions that marked the initial expansion of Pentecostalism in the United States and the Caribbean. Notwithstanding, White made an early and singular contribution to the movement. Followers referred to him as the “St. Paul of Jamaica.”
White migrated from St. Elizabeth to Kingston in 1919 or 1920 and found work delivering bread for a bakery in Allman Town Central Kingston At this time he also attended a branch of the Pentecostal Church of God in Christ a US based Trinitarian church led by the notable African American C H ...