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Don E. Walicek

was born in The Farrington, a district on the Leeward Caribbean island of Anguilla. Of African descent, her parents were Malcolm Lindbergh Christian and Ann Juliette Christian. Adams attended the island’s Valley Girl’s School and the Valley Secondary School, graduating from high school in 1969, the year British troops invaded Anguilla. Most of the population, which was mainly of African descent, was then engaged in the rebellion now called the Anguilla Revolution, which vehemently opposed Anguilla’s membership in the Associated State of St. Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla, established as the main form of governance of the three islands in conjunction with British decolonization in the Caribbean. Anguillians believed that the Associated State would be dominated by the larger and quite distant island of St. Kitts.

Adams began writing at the age of 17, at a time when there was little encouragement for writers in Anguilla. From 1969 to 1973 ...

Article

Leticia Franqui-Rosario

was born Wilfred Robert Adams, in Georgetown, British Guiana (now Guyana), the son of Robert Adams, a boat builder. He was educated in Georgetown at St. Stephen’s Scots School, and St. Joseph’s Intermediate. He studied engineering drafting, but then trained as a teacher at the leading British West Indian teachers’ training college, Mico College in Jamaica. After his marriage broke down, he left for England, arriving there in September 1930. Failing to study law because of a lack of the necessary qualifications, he did a number of menial jobs and even became a professional wrestler with the name “The Black Eagle” (there is a 1934 painting by William Roberts of one of his bouts).

Acting then took over. His stage debut, with Paul Robeson in Stevedore, received favorable reviews. A year later he played Jean-Jacques Dessalines to Robeson’s Toussaint Louverture in C. L. R. James’s Toussaint Louverture ...

Article

Danielle Legros Georges

was born Marie-Thérèse Colimon on 11 April 1918, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to Ana Bayard and Joseph Colimon. Her parents were a middle-class couple who encouraged the intellectual development of their eight children. An avid reader as a child, Colimon-Hall completed primary and secondary school in Port-au-Prince, and at age 14 she entered Haiti’s École Normale d’Institutrices (Teacher’s College). She began her teaching career as a very young woman, and took part in Port-au-Prince’s cultural and literary events, publishing poems under the pseudonym Marie Bec. She later traveled to Europe, with a period of study at France’s Centre de Formation Pédagogique in support of a growing interest in preschool education. She would marry Louis Hall, a poet and educator, later in life.

Among the first to develop training programs in Haiti for early childhood education Colimon Hall began her work in the context of an educational reform movement that followed ...

Article

Florencia Guzmán

was born on 17 March 1813 in the city of La Rioja, in present day northwestern Argentina. The son of slaves, he benefited from the “libertad de Vientres” (a freedom of wombs law) sanctioned by the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (National Constitutional Assembly), which declared free, after 31 January 1813, all children born to enslaved mothers.

Del Sacramento was the son of Melchor Sacramento and Magdalena Guzmán slaves belonging to the church of the city of La Rioja By being born free he was able to receive instruction by the clergy in reading and writing and he remained under the tutelage of the Rioja church until he was 20 years old Afterward he dedicated himself to working as an elementary schoolteacher at the Iglesia Matriz as well as the Convento de San Francisco in the same city Because of his noted abilities as a teacher del Sacramento alongside the Dominican ...