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Reid Badger

music administrator, conductor, and composer, was born in Mobile, Alabama, the son of Henry J. Europe, an Internal Revenue Service employee and Baptist minister, and Lorraine Saxon. Following the loss of his position with the Port of Mobile at the end of the Reconstruction, Europe's father moved his family to Washington, D.C., in 1890 to accept a position with the U.S. Postal Service. Both of Europe's parents were musical, as were some of his siblings. Europe attended the elite M Street High School for blacks and studied violin, piano, and composition with Enrico Hurlei of the U.S. Marine Corps band and with Joseph Douglass, the grandson of Frederick Douglass.

Following the death of his father in 1900 Europe moved to New York City There he became associated with many of the leading figures in black musical theater which was then emerging from the ...

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Marva Griffin Carter

concert pianist, arts administrator, and musicologist, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, into a family of distinguished educators, musicians, and writers. Her maternal grandfather, William Jefferson White, was the founder of historic Morehouse College. Her poet mother, Claudia Turner (White) Harreld, was one of the first graduates of Spelman College in 1901, where she also taught. Her father, Kemper Harreld, was a renowned violinist. He served for forty-five years as the first director of music of the glee club and of the orchestra at Morehouse College, and for nearly thirty years directed Spelman College's music program. He began teaching his daughter violin when she was three, and he later introduced her to the piano.

Josephine Harreld s concert career as a pianist began when she was twelve and continued intermittently for the next thirty seven years She received an impressive education taking a BA ...