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Jeremy Rich

Chadian business leader and journalist, was born in the town of Ati, in the eastern Chadian region of Wadai, on 14 July 1949. Her mother was an Arab woman from Batha. After her parents divorced when she was very young, she remarried a southern Chadian man named Dordji who served in the French colonial military. Fatimé’s biological father, a trader, died in 1954. Her stepfather treated Fatimé just like the rest of his children, and so she took his surname. Shortly after her mother married this soldier, they moved to Bartha and then to the southern Chadian town of Sarh. In 1954 Dordji became jealous of her friends who were attending primary school In the early 1950s children did not normally attend schools before the age of seven While her parents could not find a way to circumvent the educational policies of the French administration the story ...


Hassoum Ceesay

pioneer Gambian female newspaper editor, broadcaster, and philanthropist, was born in London, England, to British parents. She met and married her Gambian husband, Kebba Wally Foon, in the late 1940s, while he was studying accounting in the United Kingdom. In 1955 she joined him in Gambia, took up dual nationality, learned the local Wolof dialect, and lived in the country for the next several decades.

Marion became editor of the Vanguard in 1958, the first woman to hold such a position in the history of Gambia. The Vanguard was the most vociferous of the three major nationalist independent newspapers published in Gambia at the time (the others were the Gambia Echo and Gambia Outlook). Marion and her husband bought it in 1958 from its proprietor John Bright and used it as a mouthpiece of the newly created Gambia National Party a pro independence ...