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Mark Newman

civil rights activist, was born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, the eighth of twelve children of a white father, George Dahmer, and a mother of mixed racial heritage, Ellen Kelly. Vernon Dahmer's complex heritage derived from both sides of the family. Born the illegitimate son of a German immigrant and a white American mother, George Dahmer had been raised with eight younger black siblings, the result of his mother's later marriage to a former slave. Ellen Kelly was the daughter of a white planter father, who gave Ellen and George Dahmer part of his land near Hattiesburg, Kelly Settlement. The Dahmer children looked white and three of Vernon's five brothers migrated to the North, where they married white women and passed as white. Some members of the family on both sides of the color divide were ignorant of the existence of relatives on the other. In adulthood, Vernon Dahmer ...


James Thomas III Jones

chairman of the Chicago branch of the Black Panther Party (BPP) for Self-Defense, was born in Chicago, Illinois, and raised in Maywood, a suburban community located to the east of the city. Hampton's parents, migrants from Louisiana, had secured work at the Argo Starch Company. Hampton was an excellent athlete, and his athletic accomplishments were exceeded by his academic prowess. The Chicago area youth displayed his mental prowess via his matriculation from high school with honors in 1966.

Coming of age in the racially charged crucible of Chicago politics Hampton a prelaw student at Triton Junior College witnessed the civil rights movement in the South as a potential solution to his worsening urban environs As a teen Hampton adopted a posture of nonviolent civil disobedience and assumed leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People s West Suburban Branch Youth Council in Chicago However by the ...


Tiffany T. Hamelin

original member of the Black Panther Party. The youngest of seven children, he was born Bobby James Hutton to Dollie Hutton. His family moved from Arkansas to California when he was three years old, and following a tumultuous period in and out of school “Little Bobby” was, at age sixteen, the youngest recruit, in October 1966, of the newly formed Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (BPP). Founders Huey Newton and Bobby Seale had supervised Hutton at the North Oakland Neighborhood Anti-Poverty Center, a government-funded agency that employed local youth to work on community service projects. Hutton served as the Black Panther Party's first treasurer until his premature death in 1968 at the hands of the Oakland police.

The BPP officially set up its first office in northern Oakland in January 1967 and began to recruit young black males publicizing a ten point platform whose first tenet read ...