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Henry Warner Bowden

Presbyterian minister and civil rights activist, was born near Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Henry Grimké, a planter, and Nancy Weston, a biracial slave. As the second son of an unrecognized dalliance that was familiar to plantations such as Caneacres, young Grimké inherited his mother's status as servant. During the Civil War his white half brother sold him to a Confederate officer whom Grimké accompanied until the end of that conflict. The end of the war brought his manumission, and a benefactor from the Freedmen's Aid Society sent him to study at Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania.

Hard work and natural talent brought Grimké recognition on the campus. A newspaper account of the young scholar's outstanding record also attracted attention from his white aunts, Angelina Emily Grimké and Sarah Moore Grimké who had been deeply involved in antislavery activities After learning of the existence of ...


Diane Savage McLaughlin

was born into slavery to Frances and William Savage of Henderson, Louisiana. John and his parents were manumitted shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War, possibly through the efforts of his father to purchase the family, and began an arduous journey to Liberia searching for a better future. Savage received his elementary education in Sierra Leone. When malaria claimed the lives of both his parents, he returned to the United States with a group of orphaned youths, accompanied by Presbyterian missionaries, aboard the ship Thomas Pope. They arrived in New York City on 12 June 1872. In 1873, with financial assistance from the Presbyterian Synod, he entered Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and in 1879 earned an AB degree. He married Melvina Baldwin in 1879, and the couple would have four children.

In 1882 Savage earned a bachelor s degree in sacred theology ...