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Betty Sibongile Dlamini

prince and prime minister of Swaziland, was born in 1914 at Nkhungwini area in the Shiselweni region of Swaziland. A great-grandson of King Sobhuza I, he was the son of Prince Majozi Ndzabankhulu Dlamini. Makhosini Dlamini received his primary education at Bulunga Mission and graduated from Matsapha Swazi National High School. He obtained his teaching qualification from Umphulo Training Institute in Natal and served as a teacher between 1939 and 1949 in schools including Bethel Mission School, Franson Memorial Bible School, Lobamba National School, and Matsapha Swazi National High School. In some of these schools he served as head teacher and he was a pioneer and founder member of the Swaziland National Association of Teachers (SNAT). In 1943 he was elected secretary general of SNAT. As a teacher he loved singing and conducting choirs.

In 1949 he left teaching and served as a development officer in the Shiselweni region ...


Christine Deslaurier

Burundian prince and anticolonial leader, was born on 10 January 1932 in Gitega (Kitega at the time) in the center of the country. Eldest son of the mwami (king), Mwambutsa Bangiricenge, who reigned from 1915 to 1966, and his first wife, Thérèse Kanyonga (divorced in 1946), a Mututsi of the Basine clan, he belonged by paternal ascent to the Baganwa category, including all Burundian dynastic lineages, which the colonizers often and erroneously assimilated with the Batutsi. The matrimonial alliances and complex allegiances that structure Burundian royalty linked him to a great number of chiefs, both “traditional” or “modernized” and representatives that constituted the political elite under Belgian colonization.

After having followed, from age 6 to 12, primary studies in different Catholic schools (Bukeye, Kanyinya, Gitega), Prince Rwagasore attended from 1945 to 1952 the Groupe Scolaire of Astrida now Butare in Rwanda which at the time was an elite ...


Eric Young

Louis Rwagasore is perhaps the most prominent personification of national reconciliation as well as the tragedy of Burundi His legitimacy as a nationalist leader representing all Burundians was well founded The eldest son of King Mwambutsa IV Rwagasore belonged to the Batare dynasty of the predominantly Tutsi ganwa the aristocracy that had historically dominated Burundi s social hierarchy But his father s clan the Bambutsa had remained outside colonial era disputes between the Batare and the Bezi and Rwagasore was equally uninterested in provincial rivalries In the 1950s he studied politics and administration at the Institut Universitaire des Territories d Outre Mer in Antwerp Belgium and when he returned to Burundi his father gave him a chiefdom in the Butanyerera district to administer Ambitious he became active in advising UPRONA the leading nationalist party of Urundi at its inception His royal lineage also gave legitimacy to UPRONA and he pushed ...