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Amber Karlins

a group of nine boys and young men who were falsely accused and convicted of rape in 1931. Clarence was born in Warm Springs, Georgia. Dissatisfied with having to work in the cotton fields and unable to get along with his father, he left home at fifteen. After leaving home, Norris became what was known as a “Blackbird,” a term used to describe people who rode the rails and jumped on trains in large groups. As a Blackbird, he often slept in vacant boxcars. He picked up jobs here and there in the towns the trains passed through, but food was scarce, and he spent considerable time in jail for vagrancy.

On 25 March, 1931 Clarence was traveling through Alabama when a fight broke out Without warning several white travelers started throwing gravel at the African American riders and the boys and men fought back The white men ...


Jacob Ganoe

janitor, Connecticut National Guard lieutenant, and founder of the first African American Boy Scout troop in Connecticut, was born in Nova Scotia, Canada. Little is known about his parents except that he was the second of four children. He had one older and younger sister, Alice and Martha, respectively, and one younger brother, Stephen. In the year 1887, at the age of ten, he, his mother, and his three siblings emigrated to America on the steamer Linda, arriving at Boston Harbor. His mother's name is listed as S. Saunders on the ship's manifest, so her real name is unknown. There is no record of his father. Saunders moved to New Haven, Connecticut, in 1892.

Saunders met his wife, Linna, who was born in January 1865, in Pennsylvania; the two married in 1890 They then settled down at 28 Hazel Street in New Haven Their ...