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Richard M. Mizelle and Keith Wailoo

physician, scholar, and U.S. surgeon general, was born in Anniston, Alabama, the son of Anna and Wilmer Satcher, a foundry worker. Although neither parent had completed elementary school, they instilled in Satcher a high regard for scholarly accomplishment and perseverance amid segregation. A childhood bout with whooping cough and pneumonia began his long and fruitful interest in medical research and health, particularly with regard to the health of minority and disadvantaged groups. He often recalled that his own difficulty in getting health care and gaining access to hospitals as well as his experience of “people dying at home” led him into medicine “with the view that I wanted to be like the physician who came out to the farm to see me, and I wanted to make a difference for people who didn't have access to care” (NewsHour: A NewsHour with Jim Lehrer Transcript, 21 ...