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Elizabeth Kuebler-Wolf

typesetter, potter, and poet, was born and lived his entire life in and around Edgefield, South Carolina, an important center for pottery production in the nineteenth century. Dave's parents were slaves belonging to Samuel Landrum, a Scottish immigrant who had moved his family and slaves to Edgefield, South Carolina, in 1773. The outlines of Dave's life story can be traced through the business activities and legal papers of his various owners, oral history from Edgefield, and Dave's own pottery upon which he inscribed sayings, verses, and dates.

After moving to Edgefield the Landrum family became involved in the making of pottery and other entrepreneurial enterprises. Amos and Abner Landrum, sons of Samuel, became partners with a third man, Harvey Drake, in a pottery concern. Dave first appears in the legal record in a 13 June 1818 mortgage agreement between Harvey Drake and Eldrid Simkins both ...


Mark G. Emerson

As the second son and namesake of his father, Frederick Douglass Jr. was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. He attended public schools in Rochester, New York, where he also helped his brothers, Lewis and Charles, to aid runaway slaves who were escaping to Canada on the Underground Railroad. While he did not serve in the Civil War as his brothers did, Frederick acted as a recruiting agent for the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Massachusetts Infantry regiments, as did his father. Following the war, Frederick attempted to enter the typographical workers' union. When that plan failed, he went with his brother Lewis in 1866 to Colorado, where Henry O. Wagoner, a longtime family friend, taught him the trade of typography. While he was in Colorado, Frederick worked with his brother Lewis in the printing office of the Red, White, and Blue Mining Company. In the fall of 1868 Frederick returned ...


was born on 12 March 1863, in Arecibo, a river town of Puerto Rico, and died as a soldier fighting Spanish colonialism in the Cuban manigua, or swamp, of Turiguanó. Marín was the eldest of Santiago Marín Solá and Celestina Shaw Figueroa’s seven children. His father, Santiago Marín Solá, was the son of an illiterate Italian immigrant and a mixed-race African-descended woman from Curaçao who was his slave, and his mother, Celestina Shaw Figueroa, was the daughter of an Englishman and an African woman.

Pachín’s cousin was Amalia Marín, daughter of Ponce educator, historian, and journalist Ramón Marín Solá and also the mother of Luis Muñoz Marín, architect of modern Puerto Rico as Estado Libre Asociado—or commonwealth—of the United States. Both Marín’s parents were admirers of Ramón Emeterio Betances and Segundo Ruiz Belvis, leading opponents of slavery in Puerto Rico and among the organizers of the island’s 1868 ...


Ángel L. Martínez

was a leader in the Puerto Rican labor movement in the period immediately before and after the conquest of Puerto Rico by the United States. Information about his early family life, including his ethnic ancestry and identity, is not known. He was instrumental in the early years of the Federación Libre de Trabajadores (Free Federation of Workers, or FLT). Through his work, he emphasized capitalism as the root cause of poverty on his island and socialism as the way to alleviate it.

Born in San Juan, Romero Rosa grew up working class and taught himself to read and write. At age fourteen he was employed as a typesetter. His work enabled him to continue his education by using his earnings to purchase books. In 1897 he co-founded El Porvenir de Borinquen (the Future of Borinquen), a workers’ school, part of a network of centros de estudios sociales social studies ...


Charles Rosenberg

journalist, compositor at the Government Printing Office, collector of books and manuscripts on African American history, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Charles Henry and Sarah Smith Slaughter. Since Proctor is not his mother's family name, his parents may have chosen to name him after the one-time Kentucky governor of the same name, who died in 1830. Charles Henry Slaughter died when his son was six years old. Slaughter sold newspapers to support himself and his mother. She often heard him read aloud from printed descriptions of slave life, which, having been enslaved at birth, she knew were untrue, and told him so. The existence and frequency of slave uprisings were among the many details she exposed.

Slaughter graduated from Louisville Central High School in keeping with Kentucky law at the time students considered white were sent to other schools He was salutatorian of his class and ...


Dorothy B. Porter

Henry Proctor Slaughter was born in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of Sarah Jane Smith and Charles Henry Slaughter. When he was six years old his father died, leaving his mother with two boys and a girl. He sold newspapers to help support his mother, and as he worked his way through school he became the main support of his family. After graduating as salutatorian from Central High School, he served his apprenticeship as a printer on the Louisville Champion. There he became associate editor with Horace Morris, who in 1894 was deputy grand master of the Prince Hall Masons of Kentucky. Slaughter also began to write feature articles for local daily newspapers.

By 1893 Slaughter was foreman of Champion Publishing Company, and in 1894 he became associate editor of the Lexington Standard. Shortly afterward, as manager of the Standard he was described as making ...