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Stephanie Beswick

Sudanese leader, was the first prominent Bari private merchant, slave trader, and opportunist insurgent warlord. He rose to power during the 1860s by exploiting poisonous dynastic rivalries between Nyigilo and Subek, the royal sons of Lagunu, the unchallenged Bari leader in 1840, and their respective noble offspring. The faction of Nyigilo had enjoyed the support of Catholic missionaries up to their departure in 1860, but thereafter allied with the northern slave traders who at that time were establishing fortified trading operations throughout southern Sudan. It was to become an era, for the first time in Bari history, during which commoner traders such as Alloron found it possible to acquire economic and political power. However, the upstart was often reminded of his humble origins by the epithet “man without rain,” implying that he lacked the arcane fructifying powers of royalty.

The arrival of Turks northern Sudanese and Europeans ...


Jeremy Rich

commercial and political leader, was born sometime in the late seventeenth century on the coast of southern Ghana. Little is known about Conny’s background. He became an extremely prosperous trader by acting as a middleman between European buyers with interior trade networks that provided slaves and gold. It is highly likely that Conny profited indirectly from the Asante kingdom’s bloody rise to power against its rivals, since these wars produced thousands of slaves sold to Europeans on the Ghanaian coast between roughly 1700 and 1750. Conny established his headquarters at Cape Three Points in the Ahanta region. One of his immediate neighbors was the Prussian fort of Gross Friedrichsburg, established by the kingdom of Prussia in 1682 as a trade center to purchase gold and slaves This small post faced both European rivals in the Dutch fort of Axim and the English post of Cape Coast According to a ...


James Giblin

also known as Muhina Kisabengo Kingo was prominent in the political and commercial life of eastern Tanzania during the middle decades of the nineteenth century The settlement that he established became an important market center of political power and home to several thousand residents In the twentieth century it grew into the major city of Morogoro Situated on the primary trade route between the Indian Ocean and eastern Africa s Great Lakes it was visited by numerous European travelers who wrote admiringly about its stone fortifications finely wrought wooden gates spaciousness and good order In this way Kisabengo came to the attention of a worldwide reading audience Kisabengo s successor was Kingo a son by his wife Kitukira Because Kingo was very young when his father died Morogoro was ruled in the 1870s by Simbamwene a formidable leader and daughter by another wife Makombera Kingo died shortly after assuming office ...


Steven J. Niven

slave driver, farmer, and Democratic Party activist was born a slave probably in Washington County Mississippi The names of his parents are not recorded On the eve of the Civil War and only sixteen he was working as a driver of slaves on a Delta plantation a position generally reserved for experienced laborers in their thirties or forties That Lucas achieved such a position at such an early age is suggestive of his willingness to work hard and to both obey and command authority Drivers enjoyed a fair degree of autonomy in their work and occupied a difficult middle position between their fellow slaves and those who owned them but most understood that the needs and desires of their owners came first Though some drivers interceded to protect the slaves from harsh treatment by white overseers or masters a minority abused their position by seeking sexual favors ...


M. W. Daly

soldier and administrator, was a Turco-Egyptian of Circassian ancestry, who rose to prominence in Egypt’s Syrian campaigns. Much of his career was spent in the Sudan, where under Muhammad Ali an era of colonial conquest had begun in 1820. The period was characterized by gradual and imperfect extension of Egypt’s nominal control from the Nile Valley eastwards, westwards, and into the equatorial regions of its headwaters and tributaries.

Musa Hamdi’s military career in the Sudan extended from the late 1830s until his death. He saw action in the un-subdued regions of the eastern Sudan, in the Abyssinian marchlands in 1837–1838, and against the Bija tribes in 1844 As governor of the western province of Kordofan then effectively the area around El Obeid and along the Nile and the east west trade routes he sought to extend Egyptian rule southwards by mounting an expedition against Taqali in the ...