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Joann Buckley

was born at Lynchburg, Virginia to Campbell and Emma (Glenn) Jones. His father was a merchant in Lynchburg and young Jones attended public school there, graduating from Lynchburg High School in 1896. He then attended Howard University in Washington, DC for his undergraduate and medical school education. While still a student, on 3 April 1901 Jones married Leonie Annette Sinkler (1879–1939). She was an accomplished teacher and the daughter of Edward and Mary Sinkler of Charleston, South Carolina.

While in school Jones worked at different times as a newsboy, waiter, messenger, laborer, and watchman in government service. Arthur Bunyan Caldwell wrote of him in his History of the American Negro in 1922, “it was hard work, but he was cheerful and determined. And, he succeeded.” He entered Howard University Medical School in 1908 and completed all his freshman work except histology and physiologic chemistry that ...

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Joann Buckley and W. Douglas Fisher

Egbert T. Scott came from a large, successful family in Wilmington. His father was a grocer from Virginia. His mother taught at Williston, Wilmington’s leading African American high school. Like several of his older brothers, Scott worked his way through Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University) in Charlotte, North Carolina, graduating in 1909 with an arts & sciences degree. After Biddle he moved to the state capital, Raleigh, to study at Shaw University’s Leonard Medical College where he was awarded his M.D. in 1913.

Following graduation Scott moved to Washington, DC, where he interned for a year at Freedmen’s Hospital. After completing his internship in 1914, he moved to Philadelphia to establish a practice. There he worked at Mercy Hospital, which had been established in 1905 and was one of two hospitals for the Philadelphia African American community When the United States entered World War I ...

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Joann Buckley

then part of the Danish Virgin Islands, to William Wilson and Charlotte Petersen. His mother died when he was only five years old. He was the last of eight children and was raised by his older sister Alice, a dressmaker. His early education was at Danish schools in Frederiksted, St. Croix. In 1905 he emigrated to the United States and lived with older siblings in the New York area. He was one of four black graduates of Jersey City High School in 1910. He had the highest grade point average in his class—93.84 percent.

In 1910 Wilson was accepted into a special program that enabled students to complete their A.B. at Columbia College in New York City and medical degrees at Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons in six years. After graduating in 1916 he obtained a one year internship at Freedman s Hospital in Washington DC When ...