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Neil McHugh

Sudanese noblewoman and member of the Funj royal house, was probably born in or near Sinnar, capital of the kingdom. Her mother was a princess, by virtue of which Nasra was accorded the title sultana along with sitt (“Lady”); and her father, Muhammad ʿAdlan, was a prominent Hamaj aristocrat, military commander, and grandson of the famous strongman Muhammad Abu Likaylik. She survived the conquest of the Funj state by the Turkish rulers of Egypt (1821) and emerged as the preeminent figure of the old elite under Egyptian colonial administration.

Nasra was still young during the last decade of the Funj kingdom when her father dominated the scene as military leader and power broker He was assassinated days before the invading Egyptian forces entered Sinnar The early years of the Turkiyya as the colonial rule by Ottoman Egypt was known were marked by harsh demands rebellion fierce repression and a massive ...


Shauna Huffaker

ruler and sultana of medieval Egypt, was a Turkoman slave imported to Egypt at an unknown date and age. Shajarat al-Durr would briefly succeed her husband as ruler of Egypt because of her own political agility combined with the disarray of the fading Ayyubid dynasty and fortuitous deaths and assassinations of other key competitors for power. She came to be part of the household of the Ayyubid sultan al-Salih Ayyub, who reigned from 1238 to 1249 and rose to become his favorite concubine and the mother of his son al Khalil Medieval Egyptian historians record that during the sultan s life Sharajat al Durr s influence was not restricted to family concerns and that the sultan consulted her on affairs of state She bore the sultan a son after which he married her significantly elevating her status and power Al Salih was away in Syria and already in ill ...