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Linda M. Carter

entrepreneur and consultant, was born in Oconee, Georgia, one of twenty-three children born to Berry Gordy, a successful farmer who owned at least 168 acres, and Lucy Hellum Gordy. He was one of nine Gordy offspring who lived to adulthood and the fifth oldest child. Gordy's maternal great-grandfather was Native American, and his maternal great-grandmother was African American. Gordy's paternal grandmother, Esther Johnson, was a slave, and his paternal grandfather, Jim Gordy, was a plantation owner.

Gordy Sr. and his family lived in a log house in Oconee. When he and his siblings (Sam, Lula, Esther, Mamie, Lucy, John, Joe, and Charlie were old enough to attend grammar school they worked on the family farm after the school day ended During the summer the Gordy children also worked one hour before they attended school When they completed elementary school ...


Donna Tyler Hollie

chef, restaurant owner, author, and teacher, was born in Orange County, Virginia. She was one of eight children, three sons and five daughters, born to Eugene and Daisy Lewis. Her community, called Freetown, was established by her grandfather, Chester Lewis, a farmer, and other freedmen after the Civil War. Her grandfather's home was the site of the community's first school.

Although little is known about Lewis's formal academic education, she learned to cook by observing and assisting her mother and paternal aunt, Jennie These women cooked in the tradition of their African forebearers using seasonal ingredients frying in oil flavoring vegetables with meat improvising and relying on their senses to determine whether food was appropriately seasoned and thoroughly cooked For example whether a cake was done could be determined by listening to the sound made by the cake pan Wonderful dishes were created ...


Shennette Garrett-Scott

the first African American McDonald's restaurant franchisee, was born on August 10, 1935, in Chicago. Petty was educated in local schools on the South Side of Chicago, went into the military after graduating high school, and received a degree from Roosevelt University. After high school, Petty opened his own barbershop in the Stony Island neighborhood. For six years in the late 1960s, he worked as a barber by day and for the Chicago Transit Authority at night to save enough money to buy a McDonald's restaurant.

In 1968 Petty became the first African American to own a McDonald s franchise restaurant He overcame the daunting challenges of not only raising enough capital to open a restaurant about $150 000 in 1960s dollars but also running one in an inner city neighborhood Two white investors approached Petty about taking over a white owned restaurant in Chicago s inner ...