1-2 of 2 Results  for:

  • Stenographer x
  • 1941–1954: WWII and Postwar Desegregation x
  • Laws and Legislation x
Clear all


Carl A. Wade

was born Cyril Askelon Crichlow, the son of Samuel Augustus Crichlow, a civil servant, and Agnes Louise Crichlow—both devout members of the Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) faith—in Trinidad and Tobago, then a colony in the British West Indies. After he completed his early education his parents sent him to the United States at age fifteen, circa 27 July 1905 to further his schooling.

Between 1905 and 1908 he studied at Union College in Lincoln, Nebraska, an institution operated by the SDA religious community, in the first phase of his training as a medical missionary. He married Lillian Elizabeth Warnick from New Jersey in Alabama in 1909 and together they had three sons: Luther, Martin, and Allwyn. The family led a peripatetic existence as both parents were SDA “gospel workers” who over time served in several communities. From 1914 to 1917 they lived in Nashville Tennessee where Cyril attended Meharry ...


Peter Wallenstein

lawyer, was born Lavinia Marian Fleming in Warwick County, Virginia, the daughter of Archer R. Fleming, a blacksmith and former slave, and Florence M. Carter. She grew up in Newport News, Virginia, with her parents and her brothers.

In the early 1910s she worked in Newport News as a stenographer for a black banker, notary, and real estate agent, E. C. Brown, president of the Crown Savings Bank. In 1910 she married Abram James Poe, a waiter; they had two children. For a time around 1920Marian Poe worked in the office of Joseph Thomas Newsome, a black attorney. The experience convinced Poe to become a lawyer.

Success would not come easy. The law schools in Virginia—Washington and Lee University, the University of Virginia, and the University of Richmond—excluded black applicants. Few black men in Virginia had become lawyers, and Virginia law before 1920 ...