Burundian politician and diplomat, was born on 23 May 1956. Her parents belonged to a prominent Tutsi family. From 1979 to 1981, after she had completed her undergraduate studies, Batumubwira worked as a journalist for the newspaper La Voix de la Révolution du Burundi. She eventually received a master’s degree in communication. In 1981, she became a public relations administrator for the United Nations information center in Bujumbura, the Burundian capital. She held this position until 1995, even after the Burundian civil war commenced in the early 1990s. She married Jean-Marie Ngendahayo, a prominent politician in his own right, who served as Burundi’s foreign minister from 1993 to 1995 She joined the Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie Forces de défense de la démocratie CNDD FDD National Council for the Defense of Democracy Forces for the Defense of Democracy a rebel movement ...
Christine D. Baker
vizier of the Fatimid Caliph al-ʿAziz (d. 996) in Cairo, was born in Baghdad in 930. His full name was Abu al-Faraj Yaʿqub ibn Yusuf Ibn Killis. As a child, he traveled to Syria with his father where he eventually became a merchant’s agent in Ramla. Later in life, he traveled to Egypt, where he entered the service of the Ikhshid dynasty (935–969), who were nominal vassals of the ʿAbbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. In the service of the Ikhshids, Yaʿqub ibn Killis rose to preeminence as the chief of financial administration, but it was not until he entered the service of the Fatimid Caliphate in North Africa that he achieved his great renown.
Born a Jew Yaʿqub ibn Killis is famous for embracing Ismaʿili Shiʿism It is reported that he embraced Islam in 967 while in the service of the Ikhshids The Ikhshid governor Kafur 905 968 was so impressed ...