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Todd Steven Burroughs

minister and former mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Goode is best remembered for authorizing the 1985 dropping of a bomb on the headquarters of the MOVE organization.

Willie Wilson Goode was born to southern sharecroppers outside Seaboard, North Carolina. He graduated from Morgan State University in 1961, one year after he married Velma Williams. After serving in the U.S. Army from 1962 to 1963, he earned his master's degree in public administration at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School in 1968.

Goode first made his mark on Philadelphia in 1969 by serving as executive director of the Philadelphia Council for Community Advancement. The Pennsylvania governor Milton J. Shapp appointed him the head of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission. Goode's work as managing director of the city of Philadelphia from 1980 to 1983 made him popular among the city s elite That and Goode s cordial disposition ...

Article

Lansana Gberie

Sierra Leone’s third elected President and the first Muslim to become leader of the West African state, was born in Pendembu, Kailahun District, in eastern Sierra Leone, on 16 February 1932. His father, Abu Bakr Sidique Kabbah, was an ethnic Mandingo businessman who had migrated to the predominantly Mende and Kissi town from Kambia District, in northern Sierra Leone. His mother was from a prominent Mende ruling family, the Coomber family of the Mandu chiefdom, Kailahun District. The family later relocated to Freetown, allowing Kabbah, a member of a devout Muslim family, to attend the Catholic St. Edward’s Secondary School in Freetown. Cosmopolitanism and religious tolerance came naturally: Kabbah later married Patricia Tucker, a Catholic who was of the Sherbro/Mende ethnic group.

On completion of secondary school, Kabbah’s father sent him to the University of Wales, where he earned a bachelor’s degree in economics in 1959 He joined ...

Article

Heike Behrend

Ugandan spirit medium, prophet, and leader of a military force involved in the Ugandan civil war in the 1980s, later named Alice “Lakwena” after a spirit that took possession of her. She was born Alice Auma in 1956 in Bungatira, a village near Gulu in Acholi, Northern Uganda, as her mother, Iberina Ayaa’s, second child. Her father, Severino Lukoya, worked as a catechist for the Church of Uganda. In 1948, before she was born, he had a vision; in 1958, after he had fallen from the roof of his house and believed that he had “gone straight to heaven,” a voice called out that spirits would come to his children and that one child had already been chosen. It did not become clear to him that Alice was the chosen child until January 1985 when she began preaching the word of God Thus her father had experienced ...

Article

Zambian prophet, was born near Kasomo Village in the Chinsali District of northern Zambia in the early 1920s. She was named Mulenga Lubusha at birth, and was later baptized with the Christian name Alice. Her mother, Musungu Chimba, and father, Lubusha, were members of the royal clan of the Bemba kingdom, the Crocodile Clan. Further details about her mother are unknown; her father was a village policeman who fought for the British during World War I and was a messenger for the colonial administration.

Lenshina married Gipson Nkwale soon after puberty and had a child with him After the death of Gipson she was cleansed and inherited according to Bemba custom by his cousin Petros Chintankwa d 1972 with whom she had five children She relished her position as a mother and is remembered fondly by her children She campaigned for the material and spiritual well being of all but ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

Congolese religious leader and Roman Catholic cardinal, was born on 12 December 1917 in Léopoldville (Kinshasa) to Remacle Ngalula and Jeanne Bolumbu. His father was Luba and his mother was Mongo. From 1931 to 1934, he received instruction at Mbata-Kiela, where future president of the Republic of the Congo (today, the Democratic Republic of the Congo [former Zaire]). Joseph Kasa-Vubu was one of his classmates. From 1934 to 1937, he attended seminary at Bolongo, before attending the Kabwe seminary, where he prepared for the priesthood for eight years. On 6 June 1946 he was ordained into the Roman Catholic priesthood. After serving as a teacher at a seminary, he was assigned a series of positions as priest in different neighborhoods in Léopoldville in the 1950s.

Like many other Western educated Congolese Malula was extremely frustrated with the continued paternalist policies of the Belgian colonial government Malula coauthored ...

Article

Jeremy Rich

Congolese warlord and religious leader, was born on 29 August 1964 under the name Frédéric Bitsamou in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo. Details about his early life are extremely difficult to obtain. Etanislas Ngodi, author of the most detailed study of Ntoumi’s Nsilulu religious and political movement as of 2009 noted that he so frightened informants in Brazzaville that they refused to provide much concrete information about his family According to some sources Ntoumi was the eldest of eight children He completed his studies at the primary level he never attended middle school nor graduated from secondary school Religious pamphlets and the Bible were his favorite reading materials One individual close to Ntoumi noted It was prayer that counted for him most of all It didn t mean he wasn t intelligent at school On the contrary everyone who knew him thought he was brilliant Certainly his lack of ...

Article

Mersha Alehegne

second patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and martyr, was born on 24 April 1910 in Debre Gennet Eliyas, Gojjam, to Ato Jenbere Webe and Weyzero Zeritu Adelahu; his birth name was Meliktu. Abune Tewoflos completed the first and second stages of traditional education at his home parish, Debre Elias. In 1927, he traveled to the Monastery of Addis Aläm St. Mary in Shewa, where he met the famous Neburä Ed Haddis Tekle (later Abune Yohannes) and studied commentary at depth. He received monastic orders at the Monastery of Debre Libanos in 1937 and received ordination as a priest from Abune Abraham, the then Archbishop of Gojjam.

Soon after the defeat of Italian Fascist invaders and the return of the Emperor Haile Selassie I from exile, Tewoflos was installed as memher (head) of the Monastery of Mekane Selassie in Addis Ababa and later liqe siltanat of the ...

Article

Ruy Llera Blanes

Angolan religious leader, was born on 24 February 1918 in the Sadi-Kiloango, sanzala of Ntaia, Maquela do Zombo (Uíge). His parents, Ndombele Luvumbu Ditopo (or Toko) and Ndundu Nsimba Toko, were village farmers of Bakongo ethnicity. He was called Mayamona, meaning “he who has seen” in Kikongo, and later baptized with the given name of Simão Gonçalves Toko. At the age of eight, Toko joined the Baptist Missionary Society (BMS) mission of Kibokolo. A gifted student, he was sent in 1933 to the Liceu Salvador Correia secondary school in Luanda.

In 1936 he returned to Uíge to work as a teacher in the Kibokolo and Bembe missions But after a misunderstanding with the Kibokolo BMS leaders regarding his pay as teacher he decided to leave and go to Leopoldville present day Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Over the next few years he combined his duties with ...

Article

Efraim Barak

Muslim activist, terrorist, and leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Osama Bin Laden’s second-in-command, and a qualified surgeon. Zawahiri was born on 19 June 1951, in Cairo’s Al-Maʿadi neighborhood, to a distinguished Egyptian family. Zawahiri is also known as Abu-Muhammad, Abu-Fatima, Muhammad Ibrahim, Abu-ʿAbdallah, Abu-al-Muʾis, The Doctor, The Teacher, al-Ustadh, Nur, and Nur al-Din. Zawahiri holds French and Swiss passports under the name of Amin Osman and a Dutch passport under the name of Sami Mahmud al-Hifnawi.

His father, Muhammad Rabi ʿAl-Zawahiri, who died in 1995, was a professor of Pharmacology at the University of ʿAin-Shams. His paternal grandfather, Shaikh al Ahmadi Al-Zawahiri, served as the ʾImam of the Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo. His maternal grandfather, Prof. ʿAbd Al-Wahab ʿAzzam (1894–1959 was a Professor of Oriental Languages at the University of Cairo and served as the dean of the Faculty of Humanities Furthermore he was ...