Rondón Delgadillo, Juan José
- Angie Colón Mendinueta
in the liberating armies of Colombia and Venezuela during the South American Wars of Independence, also known as “El Negro.” Juan José was most likely born around 1790 in Espino or in Santa Rita de Manapire, both towns located in what is today the state of Guárico, in the Republic of Venezuela. He was the son of freed slaves, Bernardo Rondón and his wife, Lucía Delgadillo.
From a young age, Rondón worked as a butler in a Spanish hacienda, and in 1812 at the age of 22, he began his military service and joined the ranks of the royal army, commanded by José Tomás Boves, a Spaniard in the service of the Spanish Crown. Rondón was part of an army composed mostly of soldiers identified as zambas people of mixed indigenous and African descent indigenous and black It is reputed to have been formed with the objective of fighting ...
A version of this article originally appeared in The Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.